HISTORY OF SALEM, MASSACHUSETTS
Salem founded in 1926 at the mouth of the Naumkeag River by some English fisherman from Cape Ann led by Roger Conant. The town, originally named “Naumkeag,” became settled in 1629. The town was later changed to Salem, named after Shalom, the Hebrew word for peace and was governed by John Endecott, who was appointed by the Massachusetts Bay Company. The town was mostly situated on the North Shore. “Most of the accused in the Salem witch trials lived in nearby 'Salem Village', now Danvers. Salem Village also included Peabody and parts of present-day Beverly. Middleton, Topsfield, Wenham and Manchester-by-the-Sea, too, were once parts of Salem.” (Wikipedia) “Salem Village was a poor, inland agricultural community that remained legally part of Salem Town but had its own church.” (Maier, Smith, Keyssar, Kevles, 2006.) Later, in 1684 England declared that the colonies may not self govern, therefore, must still follow English law.
The settlers of Salam Village were Puritans also called Congregationalists. The Puritan theology included “the absolute sovereignty of God...
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Bacon, Elizabeth E. “Witchcraft.” Encyclopedia Americana. Volume 29. Pages 83 – 84. Connecticut: Grolier Incorporated, 1999.
Boulay, Harvey. “Massachusetts.” Encyclopedia Americana. Volume 18. Pages 448 – 473. Connecticut: Grolier Incorporated, 1999.
“Salem.” Encyclopedia Americana. Volume 24. Pages 146 – 147. Connecticut: Grolier Incorporated, 1999.
“Salem Witch Trials: World Behind the Hysteria.” http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/salemwitchtrials/
“Secrets of the Dead: The Witches Curse.”
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