Essay PreviewMore ↓
In 1169 A.D. Saladin served with another uncle named Shirkuh as second to the commander in chief of the Syrian army. Shirkuh died just two months after Saladin received his new position. As the leader of a foreign army from Syria, he also had no control over the Shi'ite Egyptian army, which was led in the name of the weak and powerless caliph (Muslim religious leader or Muslim Pope) Al-Adid. When the caliph died in September 1171, Saladin had the imams pronounce the name of Al-Mustadi, the caliph in Abbasid in Baghdad, at sermon before Friday prayers instead of Al-Adid. The people liked this decision and the name of Al-Adid was forgotten. Saladin took control of Egypt, being the natural choice since the caliph in the region was dead, and since the people needed a new leader.
Now Saladin ruled Egypt, but officially representing Nur ad-Din, his old lord who himself also recognized the Abbasid caliph. Saladin revitalized the economy of Egypt, reorganized the military forces and, following his father's advice, stayed away from any conflicts with Nur ad-Din, his formal lord, after he had become the sultan of Egypt. He waited until Nur ad-Din's death before evoking forced military militia risings for power at the smaller Muslim states such as Damascus, Syria, Alleppo, Mawsil and Iraq, and taking them under his control.
While Saladin was building up his power, he gerenally avoided any conflict with the Crusader kingdom, even though whenever he fought them, he defeated them. One exception was the Battle of Montgisard on November 25, 1177.
How to Cite this Page
"Saladin." 123HelpMe.com. 10 Dec 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Saladin In his De Laude Novae Militiae (1128 - 1131), Bernard of Clairvaux exhorted young Christian knights to take up the calling of spiritual chivalry and fight pagans without fear of eternal damnation since when he kills an evildoer, he is not a homicide, but ...a malicide, and it is plainly Christ's vengeance on those who work evil. Though Bernard's words served as a precursor to the Second Crusade they are important when examining the life of Saladin, for in his life and actions this man, destined to become the greatest of the aforementioned pagans, would exemplify none of the traits one would expect of a horrible infidel.... [tags: Essays Papers]
976 words (2.8 pages)
- Salah al-Din Yusuf bin Ayub or Saladin as he more commonly known was born in 1138 A.D. The meaning of his Arabic name is "righteousness of the faith." As a child Saladin was a studious boy who studied the Koran as well as poetry. He was known to love studying the Koran and other literature more than joining and fighting in the military. At the age of fourteen, he entered into the military service of his uncle Nur ed-Din, another great and respected Arab warrior. Another teacher of the young Saladin was the Saracen chief Zenghi who in 1144 overthrew the city of Edessa, which had been an outpost of the Western world for many years because of its proximity to Antioch.... [tags: History Biography Muslim]
962 words (2.7 pages)
- Saladin Jusuf ibn-Ayyub, famously known as Saladin, was born in 1138, on the bark of the River Tigris, which is between Iran and Iraq. Even though he was a Kurd by birth, he was an Arab by culture. Saladin captured Jerusalem back from the Latin Kingdom who occupied it for nearly ninety years, and became an idol to all Muslims and Arabs up till know. Gertrude Slaughter, the author of Saladin (11-38-1193) didn't just give a biography of his life, but looked at him as a human being with emotions, desires, hopes and fears like any normal human being.... [tags: Papers]
484 words (1.4 pages)
- The Toulmin Model Applied to a Scene from Saladin the Champion (the crusaders) Saladin: Ahmad Mazhar King Richard : Hamdy Gaithe Virgenia: Lila Fawzi King Feleebe: Omar Alharerri Saladin the champion (the crusaders) talks about the crusades to gain Jerusalem back from the Moslem army that was lead by the great sultan Saladin. At the beginning of the movie the Moslems hear about the misfortunate Moslems that are treated badly in Jerusalem, consequently, Saladin takes over Jerusalem in a battle with the Christian leader Rhene who was in charge of these actions of killing the Moslems.... [tags: essays research papers]
1562 words (4.5 pages)
- “To conquer without risk is to triumph without glory. El Cid” Meaning that if there is no risk in taking over a country is taking it without glory. This connects because both of the conflicts in my essay involved glory, and risk and every risk has its rewards.This book talks about the end of the third Crusade.The Third crusade and the Reconquista compare because they are both religious wars involving the retaking of land and lead to pushes into other continents. Historians understand that the third crusade and Reconquestia, revolve around the conflict between Christianity and Islam.... [tags: Crusades, Christianity, Saladin, Third Crusade]
1054 words (3 pages)
- Ibn al –Din Zengi (1003-1071) was one of the great poets of his time. He took Andalusi poetry and made it his own. It was its stability, metaphoric control, ardent influence, and magnificent prose. It became the poetry of the East. Zengi was also a leader of men. He became the Atabeg, fusing the two cities into one. Zengi eventually united with Damascus against the crusaders from the North, however partnership was merely a subterfuge to expand his supremacy. Zengi Then involved himself in Artuqid dealings, allying himself falsely once again with the emir Timurtash against his cousin.... [tags: Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan, Saladin, Damascus]
1130 words (3.2 pages)
- Joel Salatin is a 57 year old farmer who has been farming full time since 1982 on his farm “Polyface” which is located in Swoope, VA, where he is somewhat of a local legend in farming. “The farm services more than 5,000 families, 10 retail outlets, and 50 restaurants through on-farm sales and metropolitan buying clubs with salad bar beef, pastured poultry, eggmobile eggs, pigaerator pork, forage-based rabbits, pastured turkey and forestry products using relationship marketing” (Salatin, Polyface.com).... [tags: Livestock, Agriculture, Pasture, Farm]
1542 words (4.4 pages)
- ... The difference in this expedition is that he was second-commander-in –chief of the Syrian Army. When Shirkuh died in the same year Saladin took his uncle’s position. Later on he ruled Cairo and defeated the Fatimid who ruled Egypt. Egypt was transformed into an Ayyubid Dynasty. Saladin is known for boosting the economy and education; he even gave teachers good salaries. At the age of 45 Saladin was the most influential person in the Muslim world. When Nur ed-Din, the current emir, died in 1174; the Syrian princes gave their allegiance over to Saladin making him the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria.... [tags: militia, government, military, crusade]
599 words (1.7 pages)
- Throughout popular culture, the Muslim and Christian worlds are described as being in a constant state of war and enmity. They are bitter enemies who were always trying to gain complete control over the other. However, this view is not historically accurate. Actually, there were many times when the Europeans and Muslims worked together to fight a common foe. This camaraderie is exemplified in the Third Crusade. Contrary to the popular belief, the Byzantine Empire (an Orthodox Christian empire) and Saladin (the leader of a Muslim empire) made a military alliance in order to combat the Western European (Catholic) Crusaders during the Third Crusade (1188-1892).... [tags: empore, alliance, fruition, evidence]
1667 words (4.8 pages)
- By the end of the Second Crusade, Christian Crusaders had accomplished absolutely nothing and had, in fact, lost a significant amount of territory in the Middle East. Additionally, as Christian unity weakened, Saladin, a Muslim military commander had risen to power and had taken over the majority of Christian territory. The most significant event he ever took part in was the Battle of Hattin. After a Reynald of Chatillion attacked a large Muslim caravan, Saladin declared war on the Christians. Because the Christians had no water resources and were not used to the land, Saladin sneakily waited for Guy of Chatillion, the King of Jerusalem, to command his army to fight Saladin.... [tags: War, Battle, Religion]
689 words (2 pages)
In July, 1187, Saladin invaded the Kingdom of Jerusalem. On July 4, 1187, he faced at the Battle of Hattin the combined forces of Guy of Lusignan, King Consort of Jerusalem, and Raymond III of Tripoli. All of the Crusader army was defeated and beheaded, except for Guy of Lusignan, whose life was spared. After this victory, Saladin used the gigantic momentum of his mounted army to take back almost every city the Crusaders had taken, and Jerusalem. Saladin at first was unwilling to grant surrender to the people of Jerusalem until Balian of Ibelin, the general of the army in Jerusalem, threatened to kill every Muslim in the city, which there were about 3,000. He also threatened to destroy Islam's holy shrines such as the Dome of the Rock and the Aqsa Mosque if quarter was not given. Saladin consulted with his council and the terms were accepted. Ransom was to be paid for each Frank in the city whether man, woman, or child. 7,000 men and 8,000 women were believed not to have had their ransom and were taken into slavery.
Hattin and the fall of Jerusalem prompted the Third Crusade, financed in England by a special fund created just for the purpose of stopping Saladin. This Crusade took back Acre, and Saladin's army met King Richard I of England at the Battle of Arsuf on September 7, 1191 at which Saladin was defeated. Saladin's relationship with Richard was one of chivalrous mutual respect as well as military rivalry. When Richard was wounded, Saladin offered the services of his personal physician. At Arsuf, when Richard lost his horse, Saladin sent him two replacements. Saladin also sent him fresh fruit with snow, to keep his drinks cold. Richard had suggested to Saladin that his sister could marry Saladin's brother - and Jerusalem could be their wedding gift. The two eventually stopped fighting and came to and agreement in 1192 and signed the Treaty of Ramala, which stated that the city would remain in the hands of Muslims but would be open to pilgrimages from any religion.
Saladin died In February of 1193 when Saladin rode out to meet some pilgrims returning from Mecca. That evening he became bed ridden due to pain and fever and in a couple of days fell into a coma from which he never returned. Saladin died in Damascus on March 3rd 1193 at the age of 55. When they opened Saladin's treasury they found there was not enough money to pay for his funeral, he had given most of his money away to charity