Sacred Scripture

Sacred Scripture

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The term 'Scripture' refers to the sacred writing of the Old and New Testament. Sacred Scripture are the books which 'contain the truth of God?s revelation and were composed by human authors inspired by the Holy Spirit' (CCC 105). Sacred Scripture is one of the several names denoting the inspired writings which make up the Old and New Testament. The words of the Sacred Scriptures, 'for their part proclaim the works and bring light to the mystery they contain'.
The term 'Tradition' refers to the living transmission of the Gospel in the Church. ?The oral preaching of the Apostles, and the written message of salvation under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, are conserved and handed on as a deposit of faith through the apostolic succession in the Church? (CCC 77-78). Sacred or apostolic tradition consists of the teachings that the apostles passed on orally through their preaching. These teachings overlap with those contained in Scripture, but the mode of their transmission is different. However, Tradition generally refers to Christian teachings and practices outside of the Bible that are handed down from generation to generation. Sacred Scripture and Tradition consist of similar teachings, but these teachings are transmitted in different ways, ??Sacred Scripture is the speech of God as it is put down in writing under the breath of the Holy Spirit?? (CCC 81) while, ?? Tradition transmits in its entirety the Word of God which has been entrusted to the apostles by Christ the Lord and the Holy Spirit?? (CCC 81)
Scripture and Tradition are related in Catholic Theology. They are connected to one another, ?Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture make up a single deposit of the Word of God? (CCC 97). ?Both the living Tradition and the written Scripture have their common source in the revelation of God in Jesus Christ? (CCC 75-82). Catholics view Scripture and Tradition as two sources of revelation. Revelation is the way in which God reveals his divine plan to all mankind, it is ?God?s communication of himself, by which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan? (CCC 50). God reveals himself through Sacred Scripture and Catholic Tradition. God revealed himself most fully through the Son (The Word), Jesus Christ, and there will be no further Revelation after him. However, through Scripture and Tradition, the mystery of God has been passed down through the ages.

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Tradition and Scripture have one common source, they ?are bound closely and communicate one with the other? each of them makes present and fruitful in the Church the mystery of Christ? (CCC 80). Both Scripture and Tradition came from humans but were inspired by Christ and the Holy Spirit. They work together in such a way that neither can exist without the other, ? It is clear therefore that, in the supremely wise arrangement of God, sacred Tradition, Sacred Scripture? are so connected and associated that one of them cannot stand without the other. Working together, each in it?s own way, under the action of the one Holy Spirit? contributes effectively to the salvation of all souls? (CCC 95)
The Catholic Church ?does not derive her certainty about all revealed truths from the Holy Scriptures alone. Both Scripture and Tradition must be accepted and honoured with equal sentiments of devotion and reverence? (CCC 82). Both Scripture and Tradition are equally important in interpreting and understanding the Revelation. Neither one is superior to the other.
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