The 's Four Assumptions Of A Justice System Essay

The 's Four Assumptions Of A Justice System Essay

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So, in a time of social, political and economic change it makes sense that how we enforce the law and systems of punishment would begin to shift into the public eye. Gunther claims that we have a criminal processing system, rather than a criminal justice system; But what makes a criminal justice system an impartial justice oriented system rather than the harsh, biased and unfair processing mechanism that Gunther saw? For this, we look to Packer’s four assumptions of a justice system.
This first assumption pertains to who does what in a justice system, as well as who the key players are in making and enforcing laws. Without these pieces, the flow of justice is interrupted, and the system becomes less about individuals and accountability, and more about the whole of the system against the whole of criminals. Missing or altering of these parts of a system also forms when resources are misdistributed.
As in the case of stereotypes pertaining to poor communities; when jobs began to move, especially labor intensive factory positions, out of communities and into suburbs, poverty in these communities began to rise. And because members of these poor communities, often minorities, were spatially isolated from new areas of development and transportation, insecurity led some to turn to crime as a quick adaptation to financial difficulties. However, this also led crime in these areas to begin to increase and as a result, stereotypes about the poor, began to form, specifically that most are criminals, too lazy or unwilling to get traditional jobs. This idea was further encouraged by the bootstrap mentality pervasive in American society. In combination, these contributed to an inversion of causal reality surrounding how poverty is created an...


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...s in society. Combining this with the medias painted narrative, which relied heavily on racial stereotypes, public fear was led to grow, and opinions began to polarize. Through relying on rhetorical strategy, the media began to play a larger role in determining public opinion. This quickly led to criticism of the police and government forces, spurning these systems to make key changes in law enforcement and policy. With more resources and attention being headed into making arrests in these communities, it began to look like crime had increased, and that communities of social, economic and ethnic minorities were compiled of criminals. Deviancy amplification aw well as subsequent stricter laws and policies led to net widening, which increased the number of people going into the criminal justice system, making it harder for each individual to receive unbiased treatment.

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