The Rwandan Genocide Essay

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

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There had always been tension between the Hutus and the Tutsis but, certain events increased tensions between the two groups. Rules, appearances, and opportunities were never the same for any of the groups therefore hate begin to build upon the two groups. This tension would continue for years until the genocide in 1994.
One of the major causes of the Rwandan Genocide was tensions brought about by the Belgian rule from 1922 to 1962(Appendix A). Before World War I, Rwanda was a German territory. During the German colonial rule Tutsis were deemed as natural leaders due to their more European features, including slimmer bodies and lighter skin (Baker). Then after the World War I and the German defeat, Rwanda went under Belgian rule. The Belgians gave all the government positions to the Tutsis and also issued identity cards which indicated whether a person was a Hutu or a Tutsi (Baker). Tutsis were given opportunities for higher education and government positions compared to the Hutus, who were seen as peasants. In 1950, the ruling Tutsis started promoting the idea of independence from Belgium (Shalom; Appendix A). In response the Belgians started favoring the Hutus. This shocking switch increased tension between the Hutus and the Tutsis which eventually broke out into violence. Under Belgian consent, the Hutus burned houses and destroyed Tutsi villages (Keane). Once the violence ended hundreds of Tutsis were killed and arrested. Pressured by the United Nations, the Belgians declared independence for Rwanda, in 1961. With the Hutus now in power, the Hutus established a government based on racialism and continued to persecute the Tutsis. The Hutus also made laws that denied education rights, government positions, and immigrat...


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...r the good of Rwanda or the Tutsi people. This encourages viewers to believe that Kagame was the cause of the genocide. The film also reveals a law known as the genocide revival law which states that if someone was to say that Kagame was responsible for the genocide that they would be imprisoned for multiple years. This law further convinces viewers of the possibility of Paul Kagame trying to avoid being exposed. Although many other sources argue with the ideas of this film, the film offers a different and new prospective to how the genocide might have occurred.
Both these films offer an incredible amount of insight to the events that occurred and the events that might have occurred during the Rwandan genocide. Although they take a different approach to the genocide they both allow viewers to inform themselves on the origins, details, and atrocities of the genocide.

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