The Rwandan Genocide And The United Nations Assistance Mission For Rwanda

The Rwandan Genocide And The United Nations Assistance Mission For Rwanda

Length: 1640 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Rwandan Genocide was a mass killing fueled by the ethnic tension between the Hutu majority and Tutsis minority who inhabit Rwanda. For the purposes of this conflict study, the scope of research will be primarily focused on the genocide between April and July 1994 and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which began in November 1994. The massacres were not limited to just one region in Rwanda and subsequently this study will encompass the entire country. Within the previously mentioned dates and regions, this conflict study will focus heavily on the UN lead peacekeeping mission, which was referred to as the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR). Other efforts by France (with limited assistance from Belgium), titled ‘Opération Turquoise’ will also be incorporated in this study. Moreover, the long term causes, such as Belgian Colonialism, civil unrest and the proximate cause, the assassination of President Habyarimana will also be considered in this conflict study. The actors who will receive considerable focus include the perpetrators of the genocide, the Hutu lead Rwandan Interahamwe, Tutsi lead Rwandan Patriotic Force (RPF), Rwandan government officials, UN peacekeepers, Belgium, France, Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo) and other countries who’s notorious inaction had significant results. Lastly, the dynamics of the genocide will include three key phases. The first includes the murder of President Habyarimana, and the beginnings of the genocide. The second, marked by the involvement of external actors: France and the United Nations. Lastly, the final stage includes the decline in fighting and beginning the process of trying war criminals. Overall, this conflict analysis will argue that t...


... middle of paper ...


...es to the Tutsis minority along with appointing a minority Tutsi government. Following independence in 1962, tensions grew and Tutsis were persecuted, resulting in many fleeing to Uganda, only to return in the 1990, which was followed by a civil war. The proximate cause of the Rwandan genocide was the assassination of President Habyariman, who was a Hutu. The Hutu majority blamed the Tutsis and began the massacre one day following his murder.

Actors

The genocide in Rwanda began as an internal conflict with the main perpetrators consisting of the Hutu militants known as the Interahamwe and Hutu governmental officials. As the conflict became internationalized, UN troops were deployed, represented predominantly by Canada, Belgium and Bangladesh. Many other actors including France, the United States and China were involved; however, not in a peacekeeping capacity.


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Failure Of The Rwanda Mission

- The failure of the Rwanda mission is one which haunts the united Nations and the western countries that took part in this mission till this day. Former United States President Bill Clinton called it the single greatest regret of his presidency. The issue in Rwanda was rooted by the ethnic conflict between Tutsis and Hutus. These two ethnicities had problems with each other since the country gained independence. When Rwanda first became independent it was governed by a Hutu leader, but later the power was seized in a military coup d’état....   [tags: United Nations, Peacekeeping, Rwandan Genocide]

Better Essays
1248 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The Genocide Of The Rwandan Genocide

- Gabriel Cascarano English Rough Draft 1 3/6/15 One-Hundred Days of Massacre: The Rwandan Genocide History contains horrific periods of time that which people suffer and are murdered. This period of time is known as genocide. The legal definition of genocide is “the international destruction of a group of people as such, a crime so severe that it demands immediate and total condemnation” (Rothenberg 395 ). The most well known genocide is the Holocaust, a genocide in which six million Jews were killed by Nazi Germany....   [tags: Rwandan Genocide, Rwanda, Hutu, Tutsi]

Better Essays
1117 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Lessons Learnt From the Rwandan Genocide

- The Impact of the Genocide There were many consequences as a result of the genocide. For example, the economy in Rwanda was negatively impacted severely and regaining stability was slow, damages that took place during this period needed to be repaired and time and money needed to be invested (Our Grations, 2006). Entire families were wiped out and homes were destroyed (Hagengimana, 2001). Teachers being killed during the violence meant educating the young became a problem, further exacerbating economic problems (Our Grations, 2006)....   [tags: Rwanda History, Rwanda Genocide]

Better Essays
1963 words (5.6 pages)

The Establishment Of The United Nations And The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

- The establishment of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights transformed human rights from an abstract ideal that existed only in theory to a concrete rights system enshrined internationally. Yet, as with all laws and legal systems, enforcing human rights internationally remained the true challenge. Eleanor Roosevelt’s speech illustrated her vision of human rights as central to ensuring international peace and preventing war. Central to this effort to effectively promote human rights, the international community must cultivate human rights norms, established by international treaties and covenants, as well as a culture of human rights, involving educational efforts,...   [tags: Human rights, United Nations]

Better Essays
1191 words (3.4 pages)

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

- 1. The young men portrayed in the movie were members of the Hutu militia, known as Interhamwe, which translated means “those who attack together” (United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services, August 14, 2001). They would mingle in their communities, often times singing and dancing. Music and in some cases, a martial arts dance were incorporated as part of their training. The songs and dances united them, helping to solidify a strong bond between them. These young men were recruited in this war because by virtue of their age, they would have been easy to convince that their futures would be much more prosperous if the Tutsi were no longer at a higher socio-economic status....   [tags: Rwandan Genocide, Rwanda, Hutu, Tutsi]

Better Essays
852 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Genocide Is Not Too Important

- “In such countries, genocide is not too important.” (Gourevitch, 324) The ignorance of these infamous words, spoken by then French President Francois Mitterland, reflects the indifference and indignation expressed by the French, as well as the rest of the international community, while the 1994 Rwandan extermination campaigns unfolded. In 1995, Phillip Gourevitch, an ambitious journalist, frustrated by his inability to comprehend the disturbing events and the aftermath of the genocide that unfolded in Rwanda from afar, traveled to Rwanda and its neighbors interviewing survivors and perpetrators alike....   [tags: Rwandan Genocide, Rwanda, Hutu, Burundi]

Better Essays
1316 words (3.8 pages)

A Significant Divide On Rwanda 's Post Genocide Reconstruction Essay

- There is a significant divide on Rwanda’s post-genocide reconstruction. Fisher best illustrates the great division between academics stemming from positive or negative perceptions of Rwandan public policies. These policies often focus around issues of human rights, ethnic identities, political rights and economic development. What is the most problematic with the divide is how it prevents information collection and publication that does not fit within the spectrum of either being ‘pro’ or ‘against’ the current Rwandan government....   [tags: Rwandan Genocide, Rwanda, International relations]

Better Essays
771 words (2.2 pages)

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

- For years, Rwanda has been a hotbed of racial tension. The majority of the Rwandan population is made up of Hutu's, with Tutsi's making up the rest of it. Ever since European colonial powers entered the country and favoured the Tutsi ethnic group over the Hutu by putting Tutsi people in all important positions in society, there has been a decisive political divide between the two groups. This favouring of the Tutsi over the Hutu, and the Hutu subjugation as an ethnic lower class resulted in the civil war and revolution of 1959, where the Hutu overthrew the Tutsi dominated government, and resulted in Rwanda gaining their independence in 1962....   [tags: inadequate response of the UN]

Better Essays
2141 words (6.1 pages)

Proposals that Would Halted the Genocide in Rwanda Essay

- ... General Dallaire commander of the UNAMIR sent an armed escort of five Ghanaian and ten Belgian peacekeepers to accompany her to the radio station. However, the presidential guard who had already taken over the radio station assassinated her along with the ten Belgian peacekeepers who were tortured and mutilated. The United States’ and Belgium governments soon held secret meetings and, fearing a repeat of the event and Belgian humiliation, agreed to oppose any United Nations Rwandan action. The United Nation’s Ambassador to the Security Council, Madeline Albright, was ordered by Washington to support withdrawals....   [tags: united nations, tutsis, the west]

Better Essays
777 words (2.2 pages)

Essay about Genocide in Rwanda

- ... Although it is sometimes viewed that major players in the international community did not get involved in the conflict between the Hutus and the Tutsis I argue that in some form or fashion they did. For example, prior to the genocide of 1994 the United States had formed an alliance with the Tutsis, they even gave Paul Kagame, co-founder of the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) military training at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1990. This shows that the United States did care for the Tutsis and their well-being....   [tags: hutu, tutsi, murder]

Better Essays
1903 words (5.4 pages)