The Rwandan Genocide And The United Nations Assistance Mission For Rwanda

The Rwandan Genocide And The United Nations Assistance Mission For Rwanda

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The Rwandan Genocide was a mass killing fueled by the ethnic tension between the Hutu majority and Tutsis minority who inhabit Rwanda. For the purposes of this conflict study, the scope of research will be primarily focused on the genocide between April and July 1994 and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which began in November 1994. The massacres were not limited to just one region in Rwanda and subsequently this study will encompass the entire country. Within the previously mentioned dates and regions, this conflict study will focus heavily on the UN lead peacekeeping mission, which was referred to as the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR). Other efforts by France (with limited assistance from Belgium), titled ‘Opération Turquoise’ will also be incorporated in this study. Moreover, the long term causes, such as Belgian Colonialism, civil unrest and the proximate cause, the assassination of President Habyarimana will also be considered in this conflict study. The actors who will receive considerable focus include the perpetrators of the genocide, the Hutu lead Rwandan Interahamwe, Tutsi lead Rwandan Patriotic Force (RPF), Rwandan government officials, UN peacekeepers, Belgium, France, Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo) and other countries who’s notorious inaction had significant results. Lastly, the dynamics of the genocide will include three key phases. The first includes the murder of President Habyarimana, and the beginnings of the genocide. The second, marked by the involvement of external actors: France and the United Nations. Lastly, the final stage includes the decline in fighting and beginning the process of trying war criminals. Overall, this conflict analysis will argue that t...

... middle of paper ... to the Tutsis minority along with appointing a minority Tutsi government. Following independence in 1962, tensions grew and Tutsis were persecuted, resulting in many fleeing to Uganda, only to return in the 1990, which was followed by a civil war. The proximate cause of the Rwandan genocide was the assassination of President Habyariman, who was a Hutu. The Hutu majority blamed the Tutsis and began the massacre one day following his murder.


The genocide in Rwanda began as an internal conflict with the main perpetrators consisting of the Hutu militants known as the Interahamwe and Hutu governmental officials. As the conflict became internationalized, UN troops were deployed, represented predominantly by Canada, Belgium and Bangladesh. Many other actors including France, the United States and China were involved; however, not in a peacekeeping capacity.

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