Essay on The Russian Revolution Of The 20th Century

Essay on The Russian Revolution Of The 20th Century

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At the beginning of the 20th century the Russian Empire had experienced enormous changes. After the October Revolution of 1917-23 it became the first socialist state in the world, taking up around twenty percent of the land area. With arrival of new authorities the policies implemented the country and as a result of began the progress of rapid and widespread industrializations – building factories, laying railways, digging channels, and installing electrification across the whole country. At the same time these changes drastically affected the cultural sphere. Many artists embraced the revolution and looked forward to the changes it would bring. For example, impatient Mayakovsky in his poem Cloud In Trousers published in 1915, predicted imminent revolution:

“Where men’s vision fails,
I see 1916 come,
Leading hungry masses,
Wearing the thorny crown of revolution”.

This impetuous and exciting post-revolution period gave raise to new wave of artists, poets and writers, as well as new genres, artistic languages and art forms. To disseminate the new ideas, theorists of the new art forms founded the journal Lef whose objective was to agitate inculcation of communist ideas in contemporary art.

After Bolsheviks victory in 1917 main problem that arose for the ideologists of the young state was – how to convey the new political ideas to the nation? Victoria Bonnell talked about it in her book called Iconography of Power: “… a great deal of effort and ingenuity went into the production of visual propaganda of all types. Visual methods for persuasion and indoctrination appealed to Bolshevik leaders because of the low level of literacy in the country and the strong visual traditions of the Russian people”. Due to the low level of li...


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...ed and referenced as an author translation. Importance of using the articles from the journals like Sovetskoe Foto and Proletarskoe Foto is to understand the concerns and debates about photography during that time period, as well as discussions about photography and its place in society. Secondary sources will be books about Soviet photography and articles from different journals written by various authors that are mainly explaining and elaborating role of Soviet photography in society. Some visual examples like photographs, scans of Soviet journals, photomontages will help to support all the theoretical part, its analysis will help to understand how visual language was influencing people’s minds and therefore depersonalizing them. Overall, this dissertation will talk and analyze the phenomenon of mythologization in the USSR by means of photography and photomontage.

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Essay on The Russian Revolution Of The 20th Century

- At the beginning of the 20th century the Russian Empire had experienced enormous changes. After the October Revolution of 1917-23 it became the first socialist state in the world, taking up around twenty percent of the land area. With arrival of new authorities the policies implemented the country and as a result of began the progress of rapid and widespread industrializations – building factories, laying railways, digging channels, and installing electrification across the whole country. At the same time these changes drastically affected the cultural sphere....   [tags: Soviet Union, Russia, October Revolution]

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