Russia is generally apportioned the benefit of having introduced a political phenomenon that basically provided an alternative for capitalism; communism. Since this concept was only set in motion at the turn of the 20th century, we can therefore deduce that, to a large extent, Russia is, to most people, synonymous with leaders such as Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, and Gorbachev. This supposition is entirely based on the premise that the Russian revolution of 1914 inherently altered the socio-cultural and socio-political direction of the nation, bringing into birth a never before envisioned era where Russia was not ruled by the Tsars, but by simple men; men who spoke to and articulated the needs of the masses. To this extent, communism, therefore, is largely misconceived as having been the fulcrum of Russia’s civilization. Much of this misconception , as signaled earlier, is based on the growth and progression of the Russian society in the years after the revolution until 1990, when the Berlin wall fell, essentially bringing down with it decades of Soviet Union tradition based on communism.
If we are to consider tradition as the historical persistence of phenomena handed down from one generation to the other, then communism surely reflects a rich tradition, one that provides for its consideration as a key factor in the growth of modern Russian society. However, to believe that communism, a relatively new concept even in Marx’s consideration, is responsible for Russia’s modernization is to apportion ignorance to history as a whole. According to Abbott (2007), the title of the founder of Russian civilization is largely accorded to Peter the great; the man who according to MacLean (n.d), introduced significant reforms in t...
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...heney (2013) constituted the formation of a Grand Embassy, which was largely characterized by Peter’s undercover exploits in major European nations such as Holland, Britain, Austria, and Poland. In Holland and Britain, he learned of shipbuilding techniques and was even exposed to a session of the British parliament. He also brought in western technocrats to assist in teaching and educating the general Russian population, while simultaneously sending fellow countrymen to western nations to achieve the same. But how exactly did he set about modernizing Russia?
How Peter the Great Modernized Russia
The question as to how Peter the great effectively modernized Russia can be answered by way of considering the reforms he introduced. For purposes of coherence, this paper will limit these reforms to the following fields; military, economy, education, politics, and culture.
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