Rural Poverty in The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Essay

Rural Poverty in The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Essay

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Afghanistan is a country in Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran. Its total is 652,230 sq km. In terms of climate, it is arid to semiarid, which essentially means they have cold winters and hot summers (CIA World Factbook, 1). “For many Afghanis, all that has changed in the last one thousand years are the weapons which have been used against so many of them” (Afghan, 1). This is because it has been in war constantly ever since the time of Alexander the Great. “Afghanistan has historically been the link between Central Asia, the Middle East, and the Indian sub-continent, which makes it a nation made up of many different nationalities” (Afghan, 1). In the eighth and ninth century, the Arabs brought Islam to Afghanistan. Afterwards, many Persian, Greek, Sassasian and Central Asian empires had ruled the nation. Their local dynasties were later conquered by Mongolian invasions, which remained in control of parts, if not all, until late 1500s (Infoplease, 1). 50% of Afghanis speak Afghan Persian or Dari, 35% speak Pashto, 11% speak Turkic languages, and the remaining 4% speak 30 other minor languages such as Balochi and Pashai. 80% of Afghanis are Sunni Muslims, 19% Shia Muslims, and 1% are other religions like Christianity and Judaism. Ever since its independence from the UK in 19 August, 1919, Afghanistan has been an Islamic Republic and is currently ruled by president Hamid Karzai along with a National Assembly consisting of a House of Elders and House of the People (CIA World Factbook, 2). Throughout this country report, the causes of poverty, their consequences, and their possible cures will be thoroughly discussed, displaying the reasons behind Afghanistan’s current state of scarcity.
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"Microfinance Program in Africa." Empowering Women and Men to End Their Own Hunger. THP, Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"POV." PBS. PBS, 9 Sept. 2009. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. .
Qazi, Abdullah. "Afghanistan Online: Education in Afghanistan." Afghanistan Online: Education in Afghanistan. Afghanistan Online, 10 Apr. 2008. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. .
"Rural Poverty in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan." Rural Poverty Portal. Rural Poverty Portal, Web. 18 Mar. 2014. .
"South Asia: Afghanistan." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, Web. 18 Mar. 2014. .

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