Rubella and Neonatal Effects Essay

Rubella and Neonatal Effects Essay

Length: 2143 words (6.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Rubella and Neonatal Effects
Rubella is an essentially harmless disease that resembles measles, however, it is highly teratogenic to a developing fetus. If a pregnant woman contracts rubella, the fetus is at risk to develop Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) which can result in tissue and organ damage. Proper nursing interventions and teaching should be done to prevent the spread of rubella and to lower the rates of CRS.
A History and Epidemiology for Rubella
Until the 18th century, rubella was often confused with measles and scarlet fever. In 1952 and 1958, two German scientist were able to isolate the rubella virus and it was given the name “German Measles” until 1866 when a Scottish physician gave it the name “Rubella” (Duszack, 2010). Rubella is spread through droplet transmission and contact. It replicates in the respiratory tract of the host, spreads to the lymph nodes and from there to the rest of the body (Yazdami, McGhee, & Stiehm, 2011).
Normal Sign and Symptoms of Rubella
Rubella begins as a red rash, which begins on the face and spreads quickly over the rest of the body. The rash is usually accompanied with a low-grade fever, swollen lymph nodes, however, other symptoms such as eye pain, sore throat, headache, muscular pains and nausea are also accompanying symptoms of rubella. The rash begins to coalesce and form “pinpoint papules” looking very similar to those of scarlet fever which usually last from 5-8 days (Yazdami et al., 2011).
Rubella Infection in Pregnancy
In pregnancy, the rubella virus progresses as it does in a non-pregnant woman, however, the virus affects the fetus as well. The rubella virus can cross the placenta, attacking the developing blood vessels of the fetus, which leads to organ ...


... middle of paper ...


...d Procedures. Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/968523-followup#a2644

Ola, R. (2008). Rubella (acquired and congenital), Washington State Department of Health. Retrieved from http://www.doh.wa.gov/notify/guidelines/pdf/rubella.pdf

Duszack, R., S. (2009). Congenital rubella syndrome—major review. Optometry - Journal of the American Optometric Association, 80(1), 36-43. doi:10.1016/j.optm.2008.03.006

Strebel, P., Dabbagh, A., Gacic-Dobo M., Reef S. E., & Cochi, S. (2010). Progress toward control of rubella and prevention of congenital rubella syndrome – wordwide 2009. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 59(40):1307-1310. Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/730825
Yazdami, S., McGhee, S. A., & Stiehm, R. (2011). Chronic complex diseases of childhood: A practical guide for clinicians. Boca Raton, Florida: BrownWalker Press.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Disease History: Rubella or German Measles

- Rubella also commonly referred to as “German Measles” was previously believed to be a variation of measles until 1814 when it was first correctly indicated as a separate disease in German medical literature. Although the the rubella rash presents similar to the rash associated with measles, rubella is less severe and infectious. Rubella is distinguished by a red rash that first presents on the face and spreads to the trunk, arms, and legs and disappears in the same progression. The rash looks similar to many other viral rashes and must be confirmed by blood tests for the presence of rubella antibodies....   [tags: rash, congenital rubella syndrome]

Term Papers
1180 words (3.4 pages)

Neonatal Nursing Pros And Cons Essay

- Neonatal Nursing in Today’s Society: An Aspiring Nurse’s Exploration I chose Neonatal Nurse Practitioner as a career because I love working with kids and helping others. Ever since I was in fifth grade I loved spending time/ babysitting with my baby cousins. My family always tells me I am compassionate and have a strong love for younger children. Oh the other hand, my sister and a few of my cousins are nurses on the labor and delivery floor, which has influenced me tremendously. I have always been curious to see what it is like to take care of our future generations....   [tags: Infant, Pediatrics, Neonatal nursing, Childbirth]

Term Papers
1590 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about The Epidemic Of The Measles Rubella ( Mmr ) Vaccine

- Vaccinating your children in some parts of the world may be considered a privilege or here in the United States vaccinating your children is a passage most parents take to ensure the health of their children. The Magazine Parents, gave me some insight of why parents don’t vaccinate and the truth behind their fears. Their concerns are that vaccines will overwhelm their babies’ immune system, ingredients in the vaccine are toxic, vaccines don’t work, vaccines are dangerous, side affects are worse then the actual disease....   [tags: Vaccine, Vaccination, Immune system]

Term Papers
1039 words (3 pages)

Morphological Changes to Vero Cells Infected with Rubella Essay

- Background: Estimation of the size of the cultured cells can be a valuable parameter. The present research was conducted to evaluate the modifications in the volume and surface area of the Vero cells using the invariator, nucleator, and surfactor techniques. Morphologic changes of the cells infected with rubella virus cannot be observed easily. Therefore, detection of morphological changes of the cells or nuclei induced by the virus before observing any later marked changes can be beneficial. Methods: The cultured Vero cells were infected with rubella virus....   [tags: research, volume, virus]

Term Papers
2726 words (7.8 pages)

Essay on Polio, Rubella, Diphtheria, Tetanus, And Chicken Pox

- Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Whooping Cough, and Chicken Pox. The first thing that comes to mind when hearing these words is childhood vaccinations. The second thing that comes to mind are the current issues posted in news articles and journals of parents choosing not to vaccinate their children. Whether this be due to their own personal judgement or something they have read either by a valid article or heard by word of mouth, it is a tug of war argument of safe vs. unsafe. Unfortunately, there are also articles and personal testimonies of the repercussions of being a part of the anti-vaccine movement....   [tags: Vaccination, Vaccine, Smallpox, Immune system]

Term Papers
1922 words (5.5 pages)

A Career as a Neonatal Nurse Practitioner Essay

- I want to be a neonatal nurse practitioner, the reason I want to become a neonatal nurse is because I have a real soft spot for baby. To be a neonatal nurse you have to give special attention to all type of babies. You have to focuses on taking care of ill or newborn infants. You don’t just have to work with infants you will have to work with the family members. I will be able to get close to family member and inform them how the infant is doing and is wrong with the baby. The history for premature and ill infants is not nothing new....   [tags: premature, ill infants, babies]

Term Papers
634 words (1.8 pages)

Standards for Neonatal Care in Australia Essay examples

- Through the process of research and the collection of artefacts, I have gained further knowledge to assist in the nursing care for an adolescent family. These artefacts provided the appropriate information required to make educated decisions as to the best possible outcome for this young family and their baby. The research artefacts explain the required Australian standards for neonatal nursing, possible mental health changes in the mother post birth, as well as the nursing assessments and developmental makers of infants....   [tags: nusing care, family, parents]

Term Papers
1086 words (3.1 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Neonatal Hypothermia Essay

- Introduction 1.1 Background Neonatal hypothermia is subnormal of newborn’s body temperature drops below 36.5 0c. Tremendous reduction of body temperature in neonate leads different health consequences.1 Hypothermia is common in infants born at hospitals (prevalence range, 32% to 85%) and homes (prevalence range, 11% to 92%), even in tropical environments. The lack of thermal protection is still an underappreciated major challenge for newborn survival in developing countries.1-2 Although hypothermia is rarely a direct cause of death, it contributes to a substantial proportion of neonatal mortality globally, mostly as a comorbidity of severe neonatal infections, preterm birth, and asphyxia...   [tags: Childbirth, Infant, Pediatrics, Breastfeeding]

Term Papers
833 words (2.4 pages)

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome ( Nas ) Essay

- Every twenty-five minutes a baby is born suffering from opioid withdrawal called Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (“National Institute on Drug Abuse”). Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) - is a group of problems like seizures, vomiting, and diarrhea that a newborn faces when they have been exposed to addictive opiate drugs while in the mother’s womb (“Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome”). In 2012, around 21,732 babies were born with NAS (“National Institute on Drug Abuse”). Mothers who give birth to babies suffering from NAS should be penalized; the United States has laws protecting all children’s lives from any form of abuse, NAS is a form of child abuse and parents should lose all rights to their ch...   [tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy, Addiction, Opioid]

Term Papers
921 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

- Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is a growing concern within the United States. This paper discusses what NAS is and the effects it has on the newborn infant. If first discusses the incidence of NAS as regard to maternal age, race, and ethnicity. It explains the types of drugs most commonly associated with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. However, I have excluded alcohol from this paper because it results in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. This paper will then explain the types of physical symptoms associated with NAS for the full-term and premature infant....   [tags: Medical Conditions]

Term Papers
1761 words (5 pages)