Essay on Routine Activities Theory : Routine Activity Theory

Essay on Routine Activities Theory : Routine Activity Theory

Length: 943 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Routine Activities Theory
I chose the routine activities theory because to me this theory is one of the biggest and most important theories in Juvenile Delinquency itself. Many people may not understand what the routine activity theory is about and it may be confusing to them. This theory has been played around with many times and by many researchers.
The first researchers to develop the theory were Lawrence Cohen and Marcus Felson. Lawrence and Marcus theorized that rates increase because prosperity of contemporary society allows many more chances for juveniles to steal and commit crimes.
Simply put the routine activity theory says that if there is an offender who wants to commit a crime and there is a target which can be attacked the crime will happen. The theory also tells that crime is a normal function of society and is always going to be a part of our daily lives. Criminology wiki describes the theory as “Routine Activity Theory states that in order for a crime to be committed, three specific criteria must be involved. These criteria are that there must be a motivated offender, a suitable target, as well as the absence of a capable guardian.” (Morrow)
This theory has a lot to do with the daily life on an individual. A person must be exposed to a high amount of crimes during their life and possibly even traumatic experiences. With this factor now included the change for a juvenile to become a delinquent is even higher. According to Criminology Wiki, a person who has more of an unstructured lifestyle will be more apt to committing a crime versus one who has a structured lifestyle. These people who have a more “unstructured” lifestyle would include juveniles between ages 15-20 and includes more boys than girls.
The firs...


... middle of paper ...


...se the main points such as the decreased supervision from parents and the more opportunities arising would equal them trying to commit a crime. This is exactly what happened to them if I really thought about it and put two and two together.
The biggest point to me is the lack of capable guardians. This one even hits home for me as when my parents were gone at work and I had a driver’s license I was always tempted to go out or even stay home and screw around with things I wasn’t supposed to like my car. I have even done it myself. A study by Elizabeth Groff states that the most time spent away from home the more a person is involved with the police.
In conclusion, the routine activity theory is so true in today’s world we could sit down and watch it all occur. The opportunities open up for an individual and then some will take the opportunity to commit a crime.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Summarization Of Routine Activities Theory Essay

- III. Summarization of Routine Activities Theory A. Definition of routine activities approach. According to Cohen and Felson (1979), routine activities approach relies on three main conditions to rationalize crime. These conditions need to coincide in the same space and time in order for a crime to occur: a motivated offender, suitable target and the absence of capable guardians to deter crime. The authors utilized human ecological theory to examine social structure, and how such coincidence takes place and cause crime in daily life....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Routine activity theory, Time]

Better Essays
1589 words (4.5 pages)

Social Change And Crime Rate Trends : A Routine Activity Approach Essay

- In the article “Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activity approach”, Cohen and Felson use an ecological theory perspective to explain the increase in crime rates in the United States of America (USA). They gathered data from the USA Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) from the years 1960 to 1975, in the period they witnessed a growth in crime rate trends. Cohen and Felson (1979) present a theory known as Routine Activity Theory and the three elements required for a crime to occur, while refuting the point of crime causation due to poverty....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Routine activity theory]

Better Essays
1571 words (4.5 pages)

The Routine Activity Theory Of Crime Essay examples

- more problems with the police, more use of force used by the police, and police misconduct. Because the citizens feel they can’t rely on the police, they often turn to informal ways of handling issues in their community. Routine Activities Theory The routine activity theory looks at how humans live in a rhythm and how their activity can make them an easier target for criminal activity. According to Wheeldon (2011), three things that must be present for a crime to occur: a motivated offender, a suitable target, and a lack of guardianship....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Police, Violent crime]

Better Essays
874 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Routine Activities Theory

- There are many definitions to theory. According to Akers (2009) “theories are tentative answers to the commonly asked questions about events and behavior” (Akers, (2009, p. 1). Theory is a set of interconnect statements that explain how two or more things are related in two casual fashions, based upon a confirmed hypotheses and established multiple times by disconnected groups of researchers. There are six elements that make a theory sound. These elements are scientific criteria that provide whether or not the theories are scientific....   [tags: Criminology ]

Better Essays
1788 words (5.1 pages)

Cyber Bullies And The Routine Activity Theory Essay example

- The Routine Activity Theory states that there is a higher likelihood for a crime to occur when offenders are motivated to commit a crime; when there is an individual who is an easy target; and there is no person to oversee that the laws in place are not violated. This theory offers a theoretical perspective on why individual bully others on cyberspace, it offers an insight into the different reasons why different people are cyber bullies. According to the theorists, bullies need to be motivated in order to commit to executing such a crime....   [tags: Abuse, Bullying, Cyber-bullying, Crime]

Better Essays
930 words (2.7 pages)

The Routine Activities Theory Essay

- There are many definitions to theory. According to Akers, “theories are tentative answers to the commonly asked questions about events and behavior.” Theory is a set of interconnected statements that explain how two or more things are related, based upon a confirmed hypotheses and established multiple times by disconnected groups of researchers. There are six elements that make a theory sound. These elements are scientific criteria provide whether or not the theories are scientific. The most important of these elements is empirical validity, which uses evidence to confirm or disprove a theory and have criteria for interpreting data as factual, irregular or unrelated....   [tags: Law Enforcement Essays]

Better Essays
1025 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on An Innovative Routine Activity Approach On The Crime Rate Trend

- Cohen and Felson (1979) proposed an innovative routine activity approach to analyze the crime rate trend. They summarized that only when the convergence in space and time of motivated offenders, suitable targets and the absence of capable guardians happened, crime could happen. They also mentioned that it is social structure that changed people’s legal activities of everyday life, and this in turn produced that convergence, which enriched the illegal activities. This means, even though the proportion of motivated offenders and suitable targets remain stable in the given area, the crime rate can still increase because of the increased likelihood of the convergence of those two at same time an...   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Theft, Crimes]

Better Essays
913 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about Routine Activity Theory and Rational Choice Theory

- The study of criminology is why individuals commit crimes and why they behave in certain situations. When you understand why someone might commit a crime, you can come up with ways to prevent or control the crime. There are several different theories in criminology, in this paper I will be discussing Routine Activity Theory and Rational Choice theory. I will be comparing and contrasting as well between the two of these theories. Routine Activity Theory focuses on situations of crime. This theory was used by Cohen and Felson (1979) to explain the rising crime rates in the United States....   [tags: criminology, profiling]

Better Essays
1174 words (3.4 pages)

Routine Activities Theory Of Child Sexual Abuse Essay

- I. Orientation Routine activities theory states that for a crime to occur three conditions must coincide in the same space and time: a motivated offender, a suitable target, and the absence of a capable guardian. The internet as we know today connects many people from around the world, regardless of age or country, and according to the theory, these circumstances will increase the opportunity of crimes. In this paper, I will analyze how routine activities theory applies to child sexual abuse cybercrimes....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Police, Crime statistics]

Better Essays
1857 words (5.3 pages)

Race, Crime, And Crime Essays

- Race and crime is a major topic in today’s world because it is a highly debated subject and has a major impact on how society is today. Race and crime go hand in hand. No matter who commits a crime, there is always a race involved. With race and crime there are many stereotypes that come with the subject. Race and crime are both active matters in everyday life. It is everywhere. Social Media involves race and crime in practically anything. If one is active on say for example twitter, the point of twitter is to keep your followers interested by what you are showing them....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Race, Routine activity theory]

Better Essays
1013 words (2.9 pages)