I chose the routine activities theory because to me this theory is one of the biggest and most important theories in Juvenile Delinquency itself. Many people may not understand what the routine activity theory is about and it may be confusing to them. This theory has been played around with many times and by many researchers.
The first researchers to develop the theory were Lawrence Cohen and Marcus Felson. Lawrence and Marcus theorized that rates increase because prosperity of contemporary society allows many more chances for juveniles to steal and commit crimes.
Simply put the routine activity theory says that if there is an offender who wants to commit a crime and there is a target which can be attacked the crime will happen. The theory also tells that crime is a normal function of society and is always going to be a part of our daily lives. Criminology wiki describes the theory as “Routine Activity Theory states that in order for a crime to be committed, three specific criteria must be involved. These criteria are that there must be a motivated offender, a suitable target, as well as the absence of a capable guardian.” (Morrow)
This theory has a lot to do with the daily life on an individual. A person must be exposed to a high amount of crimes during their life and possibly even traumatic experiences. With this factor now included the change for a juvenile to become a delinquent is even higher. According to Criminology Wiki, a person who has more of an unstructured lifestyle will be more apt to committing a crime versus one who has a structured lifestyle. These people who have a more “unstructured” lifestyle would include juveniles between ages 15-20 and includes more boys than girls.
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...se the main points such as the decreased supervision from parents and the more opportunities arising would equal them trying to commit a crime. This is exactly what happened to them if I really thought about it and put two and two together.
The biggest point to me is the lack of capable guardians. This one even hits home for me as when my parents were gone at work and I had a driver’s license I was always tempted to go out or even stay home and screw around with things I wasn’t supposed to like my car. I have even done it myself. A study by Elizabeth Groff states that the most time spent away from home the more a person is involved with the police.
In conclusion, the routine activity theory is so true in today’s world we could sit down and watch it all occur. The opportunities open up for an individual and then some will take the opportunity to commit a crime.
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