The roots of industrialization began in western Europe in the 18th century and spread to North America in the 19th century in which rural, agricultural societies shifted to a more industrial and urban society. The benefits of industrialization involve: an increase in accessibility and quantity of products with the help of advanced technological innovations, decrease in prices of products due to mass production of goods, an increase in the quality of living, efficient forms of transportation, rise in job opportunities and employment rates leading to a rise in economic growth, and an upsurge in world trade. However, the negative effects resulting from industrialization create detrimental issues that impact the whole globe. Industrial factories and automotives generate air, water, and land pollution that gradually affects the environment over time, causing the issue of climate change to arise. The pressing issue of climate change is difficult to combat as some countries lack the domestic resources to support projects that could improve the health of the environment. With industrialization comes corruption within big businesses that benefits the upper class and exploited the working middle class and lower class. Latin America and the Caribbean have been influenced by its neighbor, the United States, and Britain to undergo industrialization and modernization of its major cities in the 20th century; however, the same positive and negative effects of industrialization still apply to Latin America and the Caribbean. Although modernization has improved the quality of life in the cities, it only benefits a small portion of the population. On average, wealthy elites make up only 1% of the population, the urban middle cl...
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...all Jamaicans by upholding sustainable social, economic, environmental, equity, urban, and rural development. However, some constraints are prohibiting the Vision Plan to fully operate due to insufficient technical capacities to determine target goals, weak informational systems in data collection and analysis, and lacking management skills in development and goal setting. Therefore, when forming probable solutions, these failures should be addressed to improve the technical and management system of frameworks already established by each nation. Developed nations with already established policies and frameworks should be encouraged to assist developing nations progress in their policies regarding sustainable social, economic, and environmental development through financial and technical assistance as mentioned in the Technology Information Clearinghouse of the UNFCCC.
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