I feel we’ve only touched on Greece’s achievements, and now it’s off to Rome! It took me a while to figure out what this week’s Discussion Post question was asking and then I saw the answer at the end of chapter ten, in William Morey’s Outlines of Roman History. What he calls, “the pacification of Latium” (1901, p. 45).
Following the end of the Great Latin War (340-338 BCE), Latium came under the control of Rome. Unlike Greece’s approach to the subjugated, described by Steven Kries as one that “…sought to demolish the social institutions of conquered lands and to replace them with Greek institutions,” (2009, para. 15), Rome took a different approach, one that allowed the people Rome conquered to keep their culture and language. Cities and towns were allowed to keep their administrative structures. This allowed the populace to maintain some sense of self-leadership and their history. This is the subtle start of Roman Imperialism, a policy of assimilation into the Roman “Cosmopolis” (2009).
Rome dismantled the Latin confederacy by isolating each city from other Latium cities. Individually, each city was forced into a treaty with Rome, and were not allowed to enter into alliances with others, thus loosing autonomy. Rome furthered their policy of isolationism by disallowing intermarriage between Latin cities. Some Latin cities were fully incorporated into the Roman state. Citizens received the right to vote, hold public office, intermarry with Romans, and trade. (UNRV History, n.d.).
Morey suggest that most other Latin cities were only partly incorporated. They could trade and intermarry with Romans (what became known as the “Latin Right”), but could not vote or hold public office. In cities le...
... middle of paper ...
...e with a placated population.
Part of the Roman Cosmopolis, post 338 BCE
Map image with overlay (Ahenobarbus, 2013).
I feel the Rome’s success in managing Latium cities/towns was a result of what Rome had learned and achieved in the previous 170 years during its own struggle between the Patricians and the Plebeians. After repeated Plebeian uprisings, Rome’s aristocracy, the Patricians realized the benefit of partnering and doing so in a manner that allowed them to hold onto most of the cards in the preverbal deck.
One example is the Roman right to intermarry, that was granted to the Latiums. Once a contention between the Patricians and the Plebeians, Rome had acquiesced on the issue in 445 BCE. One hundred years later, this was probably a no brainer. Get Latium citizens to marry Romans makes for a wider, friendlier family, one with family obligations.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Nineteenth Century ‘Latin America’ In Michel Gobat’s The Invention of the Latin America: A Transnational History of Anti-Imperialism, Democracy, and Race, he discusses the social construction of the term Latin America in the 19th century. The term Latin America was used to push against United States expansionism and European imperialism. The emergence of ‘Latin America’ is tied to a race, a democratic-republican government and linked to the idea of modernity, and the pushback against the United States.... [tags: Latin America, United States, Americas]
957 words (2.7 pages)
- Following his opposition to the edicts persecuting christians. Constantius Chlorus set and invasion of Britannia into motion as a way to expand his, as well as the empire 's territory. Upon this invasion, a young Constantine fled the imperial palace to join his father 's campaign, as well as take hold of his governorship upon death. With the initial campaign going successfully Constantine began winning the respect of the soldiers as he led numerous successful military actions. In the year 306 Constantine’s forces we 're on the cusp of victory in the campaign however Constantius Chlorus fell ill, quickly dying from disease the same year.... [tags: Roman Empire, Christianity, Constantine I]
1684 words (4.8 pages)
- RISE OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Rome became a powerful empire engulfing much of Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia and what seemed like this great entity called the Romans were always in the search of more territory and land to conquer and assimilate into their ever growing vast empire. However, this was not always the case, before Rome became one of the greatest empires in all of history, Rome was a republic. They were government consisted of a Senate who much like our country today represented certain classes of the citizens of the Republic.... [tags: Roman History]
955 words (2.7 pages)
- From the ashes of Troy, the light of Rome was born through an act by a man who would be deemed both courageous and cowardly by those who once protected it. The early Roman army was one of the most feared and capable armies in ancient times in part due to their strict code of loyalty and punishment of those who betray said code. One of the most reviled crimes was the act of cowardice and the Roman Empire enforced loyalty among its ranks. To betray Rome was to essentially betray the gods. The hero of Aeneas is a rare character in Ancient Roman history that both forsake the gods he serves but also abides to their will.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman army]
975 words (2.8 pages)
- Urbanization is defined as the “act of making urban in nature or character (Urbanization). An understanding of urbanization is central to understanding the components behind the Roman rule of Italy, and the process of bringing together different cultures. The operations, particularly of the elite, of the Roman society are essential in the understanding of urbanization as well. Cities then were not what they are today, in regards to economic assemblies. The Roman cities were as much an arena for social and political interaction, as they were for economic exchange.... [tags: Urbanization, Roman History]
1172 words (3.3 pages)
- The Roman Empire has been through many of changes in its time as an empire. As well as evolutions that changed the way it was ran as and who it ran. The Roman Empire which was the East and West went through a series of evolutions that changed the Empire for the good and for the worse. During the third and fifth century’s there were trajectories the played a huge role in the evolution of the Roman Empire regions in the East and the West. Subsequently, I will be describing the principle factors that caused those trajectories in the Roman Empire.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Augustus]
1423 words (4.1 pages)
- THE EARLY REPUBLIC The power of the monarch passed to two annually elected magistrates called consuls; they also served as commanders in chief of the army. The magistrates, though elected by the people, were drawn largely from the Senate, which was dominated by the patricians, or the descendants of the original senators from the time of Romulus. Politics in the early republic was marked by the long struggle between patricians and plebeians (the common people), who eventually attained some political power through years of concessions from patricians, including their own political bodies, the tribunes, which could initiate or veto legislation.... [tags: Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Julius Caesar]
1773 words (5.1 pages)
- Ethnicity and Latin America Latin America and the American colonies were “tamed” based on completely different ideologies. From a Latin American perspective, the most important of the European explorers were of course, the Spanish and the Portuguese. These explorers arrived in Christopher Columbus’ “new world” with the express goal of bringing glory and prestige to their homeland. In stark contrast, settlers came to the colonies seeking freedom from the religious persecution in Europe. The different approaches used in each area affected how well and to what extent the African, indigenous, and European cultures combined and shaped the characteristics of the regions today.... [tags: History Latin America Essays Papers]
1155 words (3.3 pages)
- The Roman empire and all that it achieved in the years after the Republic would never have been possible if Caesar Augustus had not ruled had not ruled at the time that he did. Augustus was the perfect emperor and he came at the perfect time. The empire was in chaos in the middle of another civil war and could have gone in two directions – more chaos or unparalleled peace and prosperity. Chaos was without a doubt what Romans at the time would have thought was going to happen, but Augustus turned the tide of history and ushered in a period of peace in the Roman empire that has arguably not been replicated by any great civilization since.... [tags: Roman Empire, Augustus, Ancient Rome]
1210 words (3.5 pages)
- Scholars have named numerous arguments as to why the so called more democratic Roman Republic evolved and was eventually replaced by the Principate. Changes in land reforms and tax collection are just two reasons why the system of government changed so rapidly. Each leader had different legislation when faced with what to do with landless veterans and the poor. Some chose to pass laws that helped the poor who were in need, while others chose to do what was most beneficial for the wealthy and elite.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]
1207 words (3.4 pages)