The Roman Empire: The Eternal City Essay

The Roman Empire: The Eternal City Essay

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The Roman Empire was one of the strongest civilizations during its twelve century history.The three most important contributions to their strengths were a perfect location which provided an abundance of resources, powerful leaders such as Julius Caesar that focused on military might so they could conquer other civilizations, and a far more advanced architecture than their neighbors. The history of Rome is so important because they are one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed and there are reasons to why they were so successful. Looking back at what they did could show us how to be just as powerful as Rome was.
Legend has it that Rome was founded Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber River and rescued by a she-wolf. They found their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B.C. Romulus killed his brother and then became the first king of Rome, which is named for him. (History.com). Early Rome was governed by kings, but only after seven kings, the Romans took power of their city and ruled themselves. They created a council known as the senate which ruled over them, the Roman Republic. Roman-Empire.net states that “The word 'Republic' itself comes from the Latin (the language of the Romans) words 'res publica' which mean 'public matters' or 'matters of state'” (http://www.roman-empire.net/children/history.html) The senate would appoint a consul who ruled over Rome like a king, but for only a year. These consuls would always rule carefully and not as tyrants because they knew that once they served their year, they could be punished by the next consul. Rome had four social classes as stated by Roman-Empire.net that were called “Slaves, Plebeians, Equestrians and Patricia...


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Cartwright , Mark. "Roman Architecture ." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., 5 Oct. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2014. .
"History of Rome." Rome.info > History of Ancient Rome. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. .
"The Roman Military." Roman Military. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. .
Trueman, Chris. "The Roman Army and warfare." The Roman Army and warfare. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2014. .

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