Rome needed reforms because the rich became more powerful from conquests and expansions of the military. The lands were destroyed from the wars, which caused farmers to flee their destroyed farms. Farmers were forced to become laborers in order to have work. The rich bought the destroyed farmland and created cash crop farms. The rich then had the laborers work on the new cash crop farms. There were no more family farms, so the rich had access to even more money and power, making the gap between the social classes wider.
Tiberius Gracchus attempted to start a land reform to get back land to farmers, but it did not become popular enough to pass. The reform ended up getting vetoed twice. However, the support from the lower class allowed Gracchus to get rid of the tribune. Gracchus’ actions of removing the tribune went against the Constitution, which led to him and his followers’ executions. Gracchus was important in showing other politicians the power of popularity and having supporters. This influenced Gaius Gracchus, who gained enough popularity and support to start new land reforms. He was successful in his reforms and was able to return land to the rightful farmers. However, Gaius Gracchus...
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... Rome needed. With his total control of Rome, Augustus removed the aristocrat senate and replaced it with a loyal and diverse senate. This allowed him to reduce the “inefficiency and corruption, eliminate the threat to peace and order by ambitious individuals, and reduce the distinction between romans and Italians, senators and equestrians.” (Craig 180) Also Augustus improved Rome by focusing on the people’s happiness. He would influence arts and poetry to the people. The Roman fixed all their main problems by ending their republic.
All of the civil wars, ambitious power hungry leaders, and complete inequality in social classes was all fixed by introducing change to Rome. Rome makes for a great example that change is not always a bad thing in countries. Sometimes change will turn to progression and allow a nation to become something that is even greater than before.
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