To begin, the first chalice represents the adulterated theology of the Roman Catholic Church. During the 16th century, the Catholic Church was engaged in corruption. For instance, the clerics were becoming immoral due to their breaking the seal of celibacy. Celibacy was the state of abstaining from marriage or certain relationships for the Catholic priests. Priests would frequently keep mistresses or concubines on the side of their work. The most condemned abuse of the Church was the sale of indulgences by the priests. Indulgenc...
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...ecause it showed that they focused on individual interpretation of the Bible. Overall, the cup represents the Protestants, whether Calvinist or Lutheran, because their religion is simple, similar to that of the cup.
To conclude, the Catholic chalice and the Protestant cup are symbolic of the sizable disconnect between the Roman Catholic Church and the new Protestant Church during the 16th Century. The Catholic Chalice represents the intricate and decorated Catholic Church whereas the Protestant cup represents the simple, down to Earth focus of the Protestants. The Catholic Church was an institution engrossed in corruption, secularization and ignorance until the reformation. The reformation continued to develop new sects because of the growing acceptance of the criticism of the Church. Some continuations would be the founding of the Anglican Church or the Anabaptists.
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