Hadrian was an avid traveller who spent a great deal of his time in the East and in numerous Roman settlements due to military conquests that he embarked on, prior to becoming ruler of the Roman Empire. Upon becoming the successor to Trajan, as Emperor of the Roman Empire, he set his sights on his passion for architecture in the construction of many notable buildings such as the Pantheon in Rome and his wall in Britain. Although a popular ruler, he still was unsatisfied with life and his safety in Rome, and decided to construct a residential complex for himself 24 km outside of Rome in Tibur, now Tivoli, Italy. In constr...
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... be noted in the Greek style colonnade around the lake, which features horizontal and arched lentils in an alternating fashion. This was not seen before in other Roman buildings, since either horizontal or arched openings were used in a series, but not usually mixed. Overall, the villa and Great Canopus feature contemporary (circa 120AD) Roman touches such as opus reticulatem as a wall dressing, and the use of arched openings and barrel vaulting. The use of ruble walls essentially made a huge difference between Hadrian’s Villa and the Greek and Egyptian counterparts from which he borrowed. In essence, due to its construction, the villa was heavily looted for its marble veneers made to resemble blocks of stone seen on Greek temples, but has withstood structurally due to the fact that overtime, Hadrian’s Villa simply cannot topple like a stacked stone structure.
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