Essay about The Roma Issue and the Slovak Republic

Essay about The Roma Issue and the Slovak Republic

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Introduction
According to the latest census in 2011 carried out by the National Statistics Office (2011) there were 105 738 Romas in Slovakia, which corresponds to the 2 % of the population as a whole. But this number is really distorting the reality. Carying out a survey on such a huge group of people, the whole country, has its disadvantages and issues. Over 7 % of the population has an unknown nationality, which is almost 400 000 citizens. The estimate of the project ATLAS of Roma communities in Slovakia (2013) the Roma minority comprises slightly over 7% of the whole population of the republic, which is about 402 000 persons. From these numbers it is apparent that Roma minority is one of the more important ones (with Hungarian minority being the second one) and has been medialised quite often. Crushing majority in this country realizes the problem we have with this minority, and also that the solution to it is far from today's reality.
Throughout the history of Slovak Republic the 'nationality card' has been used to a great extent in electoral campaigns, trying to frame various minorities (Hungarian, Roma, LGBTI,...) as the enemies and infirmities of the majority. This only spurred hatred and never lead to any productive political debate or discourse. Nationalism was a strong tool in the electoral campaigns, usually on the state level. But something unexpected to many happened in the 2013 regional elections in Slovakia. Marián Kotleba, the leader of the extreme-right party 'Ľudová strana – Naše Slovensko' (LSNŠ), has managed to get elected into the office of 'župan' who is the regional or district administrator. His campaign was heavily using the 'Roma card' which was really powerful since Banskobystrický region is one with th...


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...ccessed 19/01/2014].

ŠTATISTICKÝ ÚRAD SR (2011). Obyvateľstvo SR podľa národnosti – sčítanie 2011, 2001, 1991. Štatistický úrad SR. [Online]. Availible from: http://portal.statistics.sk/files/tab-10.pdf [Accessed 20/01/2014].

THE FREE DICTIONARY (n.d.). Populism. [Online]. The Free Dictionary. Availible from:http://www.thefreedictionary.com/populism [Accessed 19/01/2014].

ÚPSVaR (2013). Nezamestnanosť. [Online]. ÚPSVaR. Availible from: http://www.upsvar.sk/statistiky/nezamestnanost-mesacne-statistiky/2013.html?page_id=268686. [Accessed 20/01/2014].

ÚRAD VLÁDY SR (2012). Štatút splnomocnenca vlády Slovenskej republiky pre rómske komunity schválený uznesením vlády Slovenskej republiky č. 308 z 27. júna 2012. [Online]. Availible from: http://www.romovia.vlada.gov.sk/1794/statut-splnomocnenca-vlady-slovenskej-republiky-pre-romske-komunity.php [Accessed 19/01/2014].

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