Roles and Functions of Police Department Essay

Roles and Functions of Police Department Essay

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Roles and Functions of Police Departments
Functionality in a police department is the strong-hold of its operations. All departments must work hand-in-hand in order for the entire operation to be fulfilled. Some departments may have the funds and personnel to function with multiple people with specific tasks as opposed to the small less financially fortunate department. It all comes down to the department’s role in society as it applies to their organization.
Law enforcement agencies serve the community in the form of enforcing the laws written by the legislature. They protect the people, prevent crime, and protect civil rights and liberties. The laws written by the legislature are ever changing and adapting to the world we live in. The law enforcement agencies carry out these laws with enforcement and judicial side handles those individuals that have broken these laws. Law enforcement agencies have multiple functions and sizes depending on geographical size and the population of the city/ county. The roles in a county agency may differ from a city or municipal agency. Counties have to cover larger geographical areas as compared to the municipal or city agency that is only responsible for the incorporated areas. The agency with greater availability to financial support is the agency that has the means to devise a team to focus on certain crime areas. All departments regardless of size must have someone at the top of the rank structure. A police department operates much like the military in which structure and chain of command is implemented. Quasi-military is a term used to describe the rank structure of today’s police departments (Grant and Terry 2012). From the bottom to the top of the r...

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All roles within local, state, and federal agencies provide what we have made of law enforcement today. The levels within the department are effective in the support of their own and effective uses of personnel. Departments are further finding ways to operate more effectively and make the funding of their departments go further. The different roles and training that go into the officers and the multiple forms of patrolling is a time honored tradition that has adapted over time and offered a safer approach to apprehending today’s criminal.

Metropolitan Police. ((2012)). Retrieved from
Schmallager, F. (2009). Criminal justice today, (10th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pearson/Prentice Hal
Walker, S. & Katz, C.M. 2011. The Police in America: An Introduction, 7th ed. New York, NY. McGraw-Hill.

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