The Role Of The Governments Of North And South Korea Essay

The Role Of The Governments Of North And South Korea Essay

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I. BACKGROUND
The Korean Peninsula once belonged to the Japanese empire from 1910 until the end of World War II. During World War II, the United States, Great Britain, China and Soviet Union had decided to make the Korean Peninsula an independent country. However, when the Japanese empire surrendered in 1945, the Soviet Union took control of the northern half of the Korean Peninsula, while the United States occupied the southern half of it (Hickey, 2011). The Korean War started in June 1950 when the North Korean army invaded South Korea. The war lasted three years, with North Korea being supported by the Soviet Union and the South Korea being supported by the United States. After the Korean War ended, a barrier was built at the border between North and South Korea, which is called the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
II. ARGUMENT
In my research paper, I have chosen to study the role of the governments of North and South Korea in handling the psychological impact that affected the Korean young adults immediately after the war. The reason why I choose to focus on this age group is because they were the group of people who were old enough to know what was happening in the war; besides, some of them are still alive so I am wondering about their condition 63 years after the tragedy. I believe the war had left them in despair even until today. Through my study, I found that the governments of both countries had completely ignored the psychological impact of the Korean War on the young adults in Korea.

III. ANALYSIS OF THE ISSUE
Following the Korean War, people were separated from their families due to the existence of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). The South Koreans could not pass through the DMZ to look for their families. Phillips (2015) st...


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...ONC LUSION
It is undeniable that the young adults during the Korean War did have bad psychological experiences when they were separated from their loved ones. Even until this day, there are still a massive number of people who are still hanging on to the hope of seeing their family again. The president of South Korea has been working on the reunification of North and South Korea to solve this issue. However, the young generation today does not seem to approve of this idea. Liston (2014) stated that “ten years ago, research conducted by Seoul National University found that 92% of South Koreans considered unification "necessary", but by 2007 that figure had fallen to 64%”. A unified Korea will bring advantage to its citizens by bringing family and friends together again. However, it is definitely not an easy task to unite two countries with different political beliefs.

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