The Role Of Savant Syndrome As An Individual With A Severe Mental Impairment Or Autism

The Role Of Savant Syndrome As An Individual With A Severe Mental Impairment Or Autism

Length: 802 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Autistic Savant
Savant Syndrome is a rare but often extraordinary disorder in which an individual with a severe mental impairment or autism, have a spectacular talent or cognitive ability that others may consider genius. More recently, many have begun to classify Savant Syndrome as “Islands of Genius.” However, contrary to popular belief, not all savants are autistic. Many savants are developmentally disabled, or have some sort of central nervous system disorder. According to the Autism Research Institute,
“Historically, individuals with these exceptional skills were called 'idiot savants, ' a French term meaning unlearned (idiot) skill (savant). In a 1978 article in Psychology Today, Dr. Bernard Rimland introduced a more appropriate term 'autistic savant, ' which is the current label (Edelson, 2016).”
Skills exhibited by savants are more often a single skill. However, many savants have exhibited multiple skills. No matter what the skill is, it is usually associated with massive memory of some type. In some individuals, the special skill is mass memory. The most common savant skills include; memorization, calendar calculating, musical abilities, artistic abilities, and language abilities. About 10% of those diagnosed with autistic disorders have savant abilities, and in the non-autistic population, including those with mental retardation or developmental disabilities, the prevalence is less than 1% (Vered, 2016).
According to Darold Treffert a researcher, there is no single theory that has been found that gives explanation about the Savant syndrome, though there is one theory that states that “it is the compensation of the right human brain and left human brain injury.” Treffert believes that this medical condition often be...


... middle of paper ...


...popular 1980’s movie Rain Man starring Dustin Hoffman portrays. Unfortunately, this movie misguided a lot of people to believe that savants all had autism, which is clearly not the case. Peek had an exceptional memory and was able to read two pages of a book at a time, reading one page with his left eye, and the other with his right. He had a vast encyclopedic knowledge that he could access at a surprisingly fast speed. Unlike other savants, he did not suffer from social misunderstanding or conversational abnormalities (Brogaard, 2012). In looking at this and comparing with other known cases, it is evident that each individual case will vary as far as skill and symptoms, and whether treatment is even necessary to discuss in relation to savants, as opposed to focusing on their initial diagnosis and seeing their special skill or skills as a gift or “Island of genius.”

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd ) Essay

- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition of a very complex brain disorder which affects different areas of the brain. It is characterized by abnormal social interactions, varied problems with communication, and restricted or repetitive patterns of behavior which are classified in both severity and character. Autism occurs in all different socioeconomic and ethnic groups and can affect all age groups. It is estimated that 1 out of 88 children will be diagnosed with some type of autism spectrum disorder by the age of 8, with males being 4 times more likely to some type of autism spectrum disorder than females....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]

Better Essays
1387 words (4 pages)

Case Study Of Autism Essay

- Autism is known as a mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts. As of 2017, an estimated 1 out of 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States. More than 3 million individuals in the United States are affected by ASD, making it the fastest-growing developmental disability in the country. That being said, autism research has been brought to a higher priority in the average Americans’ life....   [tags: Autism spectrum, Autism, Disability]

Better Essays
1094 words (3.1 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorders ( Asds ) Essay

- “Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are complex neurobiological and developmental disabilities that typically appears during a child’s first 3 years of life.” (Halter 2014) “The DSM-V defines ASD as a continuum of disorders that involve limitations in social relatedness, verbal and nonverbal communication and the range of interests and behaviors.” (Ward & Hisley 2015) The most obvious signs and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age. Autism affects over 3 million children worldwide....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]

Better Essays
1065 words (3 pages)

Essay about Parental Age And Autism

- Parental Age and Autism In the United States, the prevalence of a child being diagnosed with Autism Disorder is estimated to be about 0.7%, making it more prevalent thank child cancer, and juvenile diabetes. It is estimated that 1 out of 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism by the time they turn two years old. Autism Spectrum Disorder, or also known as Autism, is a cognitive and neurological disorder that is characterized by repetitive behavior and difficulties interacting with others....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, PDD-NOS]

Better Essays
891 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Autism Spectrum Disorders And Developmental Disabilities

- Autism spectrum disorders are considered to be "complex neurobiological and developmental disabilities that typically [appear] during a child’s first 3 years of life.” (Halter 2014) According to the DSM-V, ASD is "a continuum of disorders that involve limitations in social relatedness, verbal and nonverbal communication and the range of interests and behaviors.” (Ward & Hisley 2015) The most obvious signs and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between two and three years of age. Autism affects over three million children worldwide....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]

Better Essays
1088 words (3.1 pages)

Autism, Or A Disorder Of Social And Functional Challenges Essay

- Autism, or a disorder of social and functional challenges (‘Facts about ASD’), affects about 1 in every 68 children in the world today (‘Facts about ASD’). More than 3.5 million Americans have some form of the disorder, although autism only takes up 1 percent of the world (‘Facts and Statistics’). The cause of autism has not yet appeared to scientists, but they have developed different ways of living for the mother to do before she gets pregnant, after she gets pregnant and after the baby’s birth to prevent autism arising in a child (‘Can Autism Be Prevented?’)....   [tags: Autism, Pervasive developmental disorder]

Better Essays
1130 words (3.2 pages)

Autism Essay

- Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ADS), can be defined as a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the challenges with social skills, behavioral repetition, and verbal and nonverbal communication (What Is Autism. 2012). Autism can be caused by many different combinations of genetic and environmental factors. Autism is much more likely to happen to boys than girls, in fact boys are 4.5 times more likely to be diagnosed across all spectrums of race, ethnic, and social groups. Those who have autism typically have a better IQ then those without autism....   [tags: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Autism spectrum]

Better Essays
1426 words (4.1 pages)

The Public Perception Of Mental Illness Essay

- Many studies on the public perception of mental illness have reported that person with mental disease is often seen as violent and unpredictable. According to Canadian Medical Association [CMA,] 2008), almost half of the Canadian population is confident that people use mental illness as an excuse for their unacceptable behavior. Almost 30% of Canadians feel scared to be around someone with a mental disorder [CMA], 2008). Regretfully, I was among those, who often depicted people with mental health conditions as dangerous....   [tags: Disability, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
797 words (2.3 pages)

Mental Illness And Its Effects On An Individual Essays

- Having an illness can have an affect on an individual either physically or mentally. Anyone can be a victim of a mental illness such as, children 's, adults and senior citizens, it is not rare. There are hundreds of different types of mental illnesses and with more to be discovered in the near future. Struggling to accomplish a certain assignment or not being able to speak properly, can all be signs of someone who is suffering from a mental illness. Major depression, autism, anxiety and Schizophrenia, are just some disorders that can affect an individual’s state of mind, and over time if not not cured, it could become highly dangerous, but medications and therapy play a key role in controlli...   [tags: Major depressive disorder, Suicide, Psychology]

Better Essays
937 words (2.7 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

- ... The answer to these questions is still very much unknown. A widely accepted theory is there are multiple factors that increase the risk for autism and in most cases there is not only one factor to blame. Most researchers agree that it is related to abnormities in the structure and function of the brain. Problems before and during birth have been shown to increase the risk in autism. Parents that have children later in life run a higher risk then parents that have children while they are younger....   [tags: complex mental disorders, Asperger's, Rett's]

Better Essays
1052 words (3 pages)