Role Of Religion During The Spanish Colonies And New England Essay

Role Of Religion During The Spanish Colonies And New England Essay

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The role of religion in the Spanish colonies and New England were extremely different because of the reasons for coming to the New World and both vastly similar yet vastly different in terms of converting the natives. The Spanish Catholics and New England Puritans were extremely different in their reasons for coming to the New World. The Spanish ventured off to the Americas to support and strengthen their empire. While the Spanish king was very powerful, he was still a subject of the papacy and had to take orders from the Vatican since even he must receive the seven sacraments from the Pope in order to reach salvation and be granted entrance into heaven. This caused the Spanish Catholic Church to become equal or even more important and powerful than the king. The Reconquista in Spain also created a strong bond between the church and the king. While expelling the Muslims from Spain, the Pope funded the king’s army. Because of this connection, the Spanish government ordered Franciscan friars, Spanish Catholic priests, to be sent with the conquistadors to the New World to spread the Catholic faith and convert the natives. In New England, the colonists had left Great Britain in hopes to escape religious persecution. King Henry VIII created the Anglican Church, also known as the Church of England, and separated from the Roman Catholic Church. He declared his church as the new official religion of England. Groups called Puritans started to arise that wanted to make changes to the Church of England. These dissenters were beginning to be persecuted for opposing the king’s beliefs, so, in order to save themselves, the Puritans ventured off to the New World in hopes of a better life. Massachusetts, founded by John Winthrop, was...

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... devil-worshipers. The Spanish colonies and New England were vastly similar yet extremely different in terms of religion. The Spanish colonies and New England were similar because both converted natives. The Spanish and English wanted to convert the Indians to save their souls from hell and give the natives entrance into heaven through Christianity. Despite both colonies converting the natives, the Spanish were much more forceful and violent in their conversions than the English were. The religious reasons for the Spanish and the English to come to the New World were extremely different. The Spanish were looking to spread their religion while the English were escaping religious persecution in England. The colonists in New England were focused on religious freedom for Puritans while the Spanish wanted to expand and strengthen their religion across the New World.

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