Considering Romantic writers, Mary Shelley and Jane Austen enjoy high reputation in composing Gothic novels. Yet, these two authors have distinct understanding of Gothic. As a result, the way and purpose they apply horror to their fictional stories are entirely different. In Frankenstein, Mary Shelley’s best-known novel, she employs horror as an approach to have readers directly speak to “the mysterious fears of our nature” (Cavaliero 61). By illustrating the frustrating process of how a scientist, Victor Frankenstein, creates a monster and struggles against it, Mary Shelley discloses the source of fear in human nature and has people realise it. On the contrary, Jane Austen holds a mo...
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Austen, Jane. Northanger Abbey. London: Penguin Books, 2003. Print.
Cavaliero, Glen. The Supernatural and English Fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. Print.
Fuller, Miriam R. “‘Let me go, Mr. Thorpe; Isabella, do not hold me!’: Northanger Abbey and the Domestic Gothic” Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal 32 (2010): 90-104
Harwell, Thomas M., ed. The English Gothic Novel: A Miscellany in Four Volumes Volume 2: Texts. Salzburg: Universitat Salzburg, 1986. Print.
Miller, Kathleen A. “Haunted Heroines: The Gothic Imagination and the Female Bildungsromane of Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontë, and L. M. Montgomery” The Lion and the Unicorn 34. 2 (2010): 125-147
Richetti, John. The Cambridge Companion to the Eighteenth Century Novel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Print.
Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. London: Penguin Books, 1992. Print.
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