The questions about the existence of life and the creation of the world are always mind-boggling and fascinating, however, the real answer to these questions may never surface. All there is to rely on are the myths, stories and legends passed on from generation to generation by ancestors and the clues they have left. This essay will try to uncover the ancient Mesopotamian and Hebrew views on existence and creation by looking at sources like the Genesis and other ancient Mesopotamian texts and poems. Mesopotamians and Hebrews had contrasting views on how they explained the events in their lives, and through analysis of ancient sources, those differences will be outlined. In such populated and booming areas, human conflict was inevitable and some of the law codes that were placed in effect to establish order within the society will be examined. Throughout it all, god and religion played a central role in these ancient civilizations.
People of the ancient world often had questions about their existence and how life and people came to be on earth. Most ancient people answered these questions through religion. The Sumerians were the first important group of people to inhabit Mesopotamia and they were known to practice a form of worship called polytheism, which is the worship of several gods. Mesopotamians associated different gods with natural events, emotions, and other occurrences. Their main deities included An (the god of the heavens), Enlil (Lord Storm), Enki (god of wisdom), and Nihursaga (the mother of all living things)(p.22). The Mesopotamians believed that the gods controlled all of the events and occurrences in life. An ancient text called “Creation of Man by the Mother Goddess” (p.34) helps us understand how the M...
... middle of paper ...
...f the divine world but the kings were in charge of vocalizing god’s wishes on earth. The most famous of these law codes was Hammurabi’s law code. The Hebrews tried to establish order by using Yahweh’s Ten Commandments and the Torah. Mesopotamian deities were hard to please and easily angered. The Mesopotamians constantly felt they were letting their gods down and usually didn’t even know the reason behind it. Hebrews had a much more forgiving god. Through texts like “The Book of Job”, it is apparent that Yahweh was a tough god but always forgiving and fair in the end. He had few demands of his people and all of them were ethical and easy to adhere to. As long as his devotees followed Yahweh’s laws, they were all capable of receiving his blessings. Through it all, it seemed that God and religion was at the center of every aspect of life in the ancient civilization.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Prior to Egypt becoming unified under the rules of pharaohs each community of people in the Nile Valley and along the Nile River developed its own god or gods, many connected or replicating animals. Religion played a central role in the daily lives of ancient Egyptians and inspired the extraordinary temples, pyramids and other associated magnificent structures. The unique spiritual world was complex with the fascination of afterlife and the many associated deities such as Ra, the sun god, Osiris, the ruler of the underworld and Ptah, creator of humans to name a few.... [tags: Role of Religion in Ancient Egypt]
686 words (2 pages)
- The Roman Empire was unparalleled in the ancient world. With strong a military, technological development, and widespread infrastructure, Rome easily became the undisputed superpower of the Mediterranean. Lurking underneath this greatness was a deadly secret that caused the eventual collapse of the empire. The secret that eroded Rome, as outlined by Francis Schaffer in How Should We Then Live?, was the civilization’s understanding of God. Rome’s initial understanding of God laid the groundwork for the civilization’s fall.... [tags: Ancient Rome]
999 words (2.9 pages)
- Certain Near Eastern mythologies share in extremely similar concepts pertaining to the beginning of the universe, particularly a primordial ocean that exists before life begins. This essay will firstly discuss the ancient Egyptian cosmogony, particularly concerning the creator god Atum, and the role of water throughout the various ideas of creation. Following this will be a brief look at the myth of Enki and Ninmah focusing on Enki’s place in the primordial ocean that preceded the world, as well as a differing perspective in the battle of Marduk and Tiamat.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, God]
1528 words (4.4 pages)
- Ancient Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt both emerged approximately around the same period (4000-3500 BCE). Many of their human developments, scientific accomplishments and philosophies contribute greatly to today’s modern world. Organized religion was first seen in those ancient civilizations. The religious systems in theses areas are intertwined with political and spiritual elements as well as a major influence on the cultural behaviors of the civilizations. In such governments, gods and goddesses are seen as the supreme religious and civic leaders.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Deity]
1590 words (4.5 pages)
- Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt is considered to be one of the most significant eras in history, due to its lengthy existence and its overwhelming contributions to the development of western civilization. You could say that Egypt provided the building blocks for Greek and Roman culture, and through them, influenced all of Western tradition. Today Egyptian imagery, concepts, and perspectives are found everywhere; you will find them in architectural forms, on money, and in our day to day lives. We are able to distinguish various elements of its culture that played a key role in its development, such as agriculture, architecture, religion, and government to name a few.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Egyptians, Nile]
968 words (2.8 pages)
- Ancient Greek Religion There are many topics to be explored in Ancient Greek mythology. This unique polytheistic religion was based upon myth about anthropomorphic gods and goddesses. It impacted every facet of Grecian life from law and ritual to culture and art. The individual as well as society both influenced the characteristics of the religion and were influenced by the religion itself. The Cambridge Illustrated History of Ancient Greece explains a variety of ways in which the Greeks were influenced by their religion.... [tags: Greek mythology, Zeus, Ancient Greece, Dionysus]
1948 words (5.6 pages)
- The Nile played an important role in the life of the ancient Egyptians. It makes life in the deserts of Egypt possible. It provided drinking water, a source of irrigation for crops, and most importantly the fertile soil used to grow crops. Without the Nile River it would have been difficult for Egyptian civilizations to survive. The Nile provided the crucial resources needed by a growing civilization. It caused all the ancient Egyptian communities to develop alongside the river. It also created a way of transportation of goods and people.... [tags: Ancient Egypt]
1311 words (3.7 pages)
- Religion was not a monolithic institution, it consisted of a large variety of different beliefs and practices, all of which were linked by the common focus on the interaction between the Egyptian people and the divine realm, as the gods of this realm linked the Egyptian understanding of the world. As the Ancient Egyptian Religion was an integral part of ancient Egyptian society. Polytheism the belief of multiple deities usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses along with their own mythologies and rituals was an essential aspect of ancient Egyptian religion.... [tags: Ancient Civilizations ]
1013 words (2.9 pages)
- “But how can women achieve anything so grand or noble?” Ancient Greek history was often written by the men that had claimed victory in battle. The women, slaves, and foreigners of Ancient Greece often get forgotten in all the blood, glory, and fame. The legacy of the women, slaves, and foreigners can be seen through the eyes of Greek society by looking closely at some of the materials from Ancient Greece. The role of women in Ancient Greece is different than what we think of today in America. Women in Ancient Greece were thought of as second class citizens.... [tags: Ancient Greece, Sparta, Peloponnesian War]
1428 words (4.1 pages)
- Ancient Egyptian art has and always will play an important role in the development of art. Due to the length of time Egyptians lasted, there are many different artistic styles attributed to their existence. The ancient Egyptians were one of the most innovated civilizations ever seen throughout world history. However, their culture is still not fully represented and there are still mysteries yet to be discovered. Many Ancient Egyptian works of art have more than just a decorative meaning. They are able to tell a story or represent the culture of the Egyptian people.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Akhenaten, Egypt, Ra]
1444 words (4.1 pages)