Role Of Globalization And Citizen Participation Essay

Role Of Globalization And Citizen Participation Essay

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Globalization and citizen participation are often at the forefront in the policy-making process—formulation, implementation, and evaluation—along with policy changes. Many economic and political scholars have argued that globalization poses a threat to citizen participation and state sovereignty by creating an environment where member states want to enforce their own self-interest on a global scale. The purpose of this paper is to explore the role globalization and citizen participation play in the policy-making process by using the United Nations as an example of an international organization that relies heavily upon input from member states to produce new rules and procedures. First, a brief overview of the United Nations, globalization, and citizen participation is provided. Second, the role of globalization and citizen participation are examined via exploration of the United Nations. Third, several contextual lenses will be applied to examine the different perspectives on the role of globalization and citizen participation in the policy-making process. This paper argues that globalization, although a necessity in today’s society, disenfranchises and disenchants citizen participation in the policy-making process and reduces state sovereignty.
The United Nations
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization designed to promote international peace, security, disbarment, and stability. The organization was born out of necessity after World War II and replaced the previous ineffective League of Nations. The initial focus of the United Nations was rebuilding Europe and preventing any other major conflicts or war outbreaks between nations. The United Nations Charter was officially enacted on October 24, 1945 with originall...


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...nization that relies heavily upon input from member states to produce new rules and procedures. First, a brief overview of globalization and citizen participation was provided. Second, the role of globalization and citizen participation was examined by means of the United Nations. Third, several contextual lenses were applied to examine the different perspectives of the role of globalization and citizen participation. Globalization, although a necessity in today’s society, disenfranchises and disenchant citizen participation in the policy-making process and reduces state sovereignty. However, nation-states are not destitute because they have the ability to make decisions based on what suits the goals for their nation and citizens and maintaining a balance between the state and global economy should be the primary focus of nation-states in the face of globalization.

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