Robotic Surgery: a Boon or Curse
Imagine a big machine with three robotic hands pointed at you on an operating table waiting for your surgery to begin. For the first time ever, it is possible for surgeons neither to look directly at nor touch the tissues or organs on which they will operate. The possibility of having robotic assistance is unbelievable, but with current advancements of technology surgery it has become a less dangerous treatment.
Surgical robotics is a relatively new technology. Robots have taken a new direction in many different areas from being used in labs, stores, constructions and many more as an extension of one’s capability. Robots previously thought as entertainment are soon transformed into useful tools in the field of medicine.
Many centers are currently using robots in surgery, but it is mostly confined to small surgical procedures. In 1987, minimally invasive surgery began in the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a surgical removal of the gallbladder (Lanfranco et al. 2). Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which a fiber optic instrument is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen or to permit a surgical procedure, as defined in Webster’s dictionary. Minimally invasive surgeries have smaller incisions, lower risk of infections, and shorter hospital stays. In current procedures, the laparoscopic equipment used by the surgeons’ do not rely upon the haptic feedback, natural hand-eye coordination and dexterity, but complete the tasks while watching a 2-D video monitor (Lanfranco et al. 2). The need to find a better solution to maximize the degrees of the motion was greatly needed. Technology allowed the shift to occur from “ development of the charge coupling device (CCD)...
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...ons (Dance 2). The costs for both surgeons are to no cost to an insured patient, nevertheless, beneficial to have a shorter and less traumatic experience.
Robotic surgery has many controversies surrounding it whether it’s good or bad for people. Many of the advancements are beneficial to the surgical world; however many questions go unanswered. Robotic surgery is the next stage of advancement in the field of medicine that will bring more progression in the process of surgery. Surgery is still a very complicated matter, however the small procedures are now more accessible with greater technology. With the increase of resources, medicine is spreading it’s horizon into different fields to gain a better solution than what is currently being used. Robots are the newest invention in science that must be looked deeper to find if the risk is worth it.
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