Robotic Assisted Surgery Analysis Essay

Robotic Assisted Surgery Analysis Essay

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When you hear Robotics you think of science and space, but in the medical field they are also using robotics to perform certain surgeries. So you ask what exactly is robotic surgery? Robotic surgery is a procedure that is performed by a surgeon using a computer with small surgical tools that is attached to a robotic arm. Both computer assisted and robotic assisted surgeries are new developments that use robotics in surgical procedures to help aid surgeons. “The term “robot” originated from the Czech word “robota” which means forced labor” (Palep, 2009). Many years ago robots were only known as machines that performed certain repeated tasks, but with new technologies they have become intelligent and now have characteristics that are human-like. Though robots are still just machines that have made advancements in what they can do such as performing tasks that are precise and dangerous that were deemed impossible for the human to perform. Today, robots are emerging in the medical profession and are being used by surgeons performing minimally invasive surgery.
Robotic assisted surgery is a new technology we will be talking about. Robotic assisted surgery is a new way to do surgery that is minimally invasive, this is done by the surgeon using a robot to control medical instruments. “The surgical robot is an automatic computer-controlled device that can be programmed to aid in the programming, positioning and manipulation of surgical tools” (Morris, 2005). They can carry out complex tasks, but they are in no way intended to take the place of a live surgeon but is intended to be used as an extension that are controlled by the surgeon. Surgeons are able to use “telemanipulators which is a remote manipulator that allows the surgeon to ...

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...ssaud et al., 2011). The robot’s arm is used as the surgeon arm that is controlled by the surgeon themselves.
The use of this new technology allows surgeons to perform surgical tasks that can be more complex such as open surgeries or laparoscopic surgeries cannot perform. Robotic assisted surgeries has the advantages of better accuracy and better patient results, although these are great advantages there are disadvantages as well such as the risk of malfunctioning computers or the robot can malfunction, the surgeon has less control over the safety of the patient, the robot is bulky and takes up space in the operating room, and the fact that it is a longer procedure compared to a standard surgery.” A robotic procedure can also take longer than a standard laparoscopic surgery because it takes more time to set up for the surgery when using robotics” (Dong, 2012).

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