Stevenson starts the novella by introducing us to Mr. Utterson who is a discrete lawyer who is ‘never lighted by a smile’ and his enigmatic friend Mr. Enfield. He does this because he is using the technique of foreshadowing when the authors put in little hints to then explore in further detail later in the story. Further on we can see that Utterson is microcosm of the rest of the story; however this isn’t the only reason that Utterson is in the story because soon after this he starts to become the narrator along with Enfield. While they are talking to each other the audience is finding out what is happening. Next, later in the novella we find out that Utterson is actually representing schizophrenia and duality that is in the personality of Jekyll.
On one hand Mr. Utterson is showed as a rather typical lawyer but at the same time he fights his temptation to drink vintage wines as it is considered immodest in Victorian morals. So, to console himself he then decides to drink gin which considered better than vintage wines, this creates a difference in society. Also, he likes to go to theatres but he hasn’t crossed the doors of one almost ‘close to a generation’. S...
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...ry one may think that Jekyll should have reflected on his behaviour and when he got inkling to separate the two sides he should have stopped, as then he wouldn’t have been playing with God and becoming a heretic in the eyes of society.
To conclude the way that Stevenson has described Hyde and what Jekyll has done in most parts he has related it to the devil which in Victorian times was considered very dangerous, even though today he’s not considered that powerful it would still make a big impact. Stevenson has been successful in using many elements of a shocker/thriller to write a novella with a much deeper moral significance because every aspect of the story relates back to the Victorian morals of 1837 till 1901 and for a 21st century reader some parts of the novella will make them think what is really happening around them now and whether it is right or not!
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