The Discovery -- In the early 1930’s, behavioral problems in children were believed to be the result of abnormalities in the brain, the nerves and the spine. Spinal taps were performed on children to check for these abnormalities causing severe headaches from Benzedrine, a new amphetamine. Dr. Charles Bradley, a physician who founded the Bradley Hospital (the nation's first neuropsychiatric hospital for children), discovered that hyperactive children responded well to the pill and noted that the kids had an increased interest in schoolwork, better work habits, and less disruptive behavior. Although Bradley seen improvement in the children’s attributes, he cautioned the use of these drugs on children stating that “the use of these drugs can mask symptoms of other disorders” which in fact is a problem that is persisting today. Ritalin was first marketed in 1957 to treat narcolepsy, chronic fatigue, and depression. Four years later the FDA approved Ritalin for use in children with behavioral problems. The American Psychiatric Associati...
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"Death from Ritalin Abuse & Addiction, Criminal Penalties: Foundation for a Drug Free World." Death from Ritalin Abuse & Addiction, Criminal Penalties: Foundation for a Drug Free World. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
Diller, Lawrence H. "Ritalin Ascendant: A Doctor's Dilemma." Introduction. Running on Ritalin: A Physician Reflects on Children, Society, and Performance in a Pill. New York, NY: Bantam, 1998. N. pag. Print.
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Spiegel, Alix. "Teachers' Expectations Can Influence How Students Perform." NPR. NPR, 17 Sept. 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
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