Many older adults lack knowledge of HIV transmission and how to protect themselves. They are now aware of risk factors for HIV. So it is very important for older adults to have knowledge of all possible modes of transmission and the specific ones that are high risk for their age group.
Older women and men have unique age-related biological risk factors. As a woman experiences menopause, she goes through age-related changes like vaginal thinning and dryness that can lead to tears in the vaginal tissues that could facilitate HIV transmission (Brooks, Buchacz, Gebo, & Mermin, 2012). As the women age, biological risk factors increase. Similarly, with increasing age, men may experience erectile dysfunction, which increases the difficulty of using condoms. As a result, some men may choose to forego using them during sexual intercourse and increase the risk.
Now the sexuality is changing. There are many older adults who are gay. In a study conducted in older adults living with HIV/AIDS more than half were identified as gay men followed by heterosexual men and women and bisexual men (Brennan, Emlet, Brennenstuhl & Rueda, 2013). In addition to this many heterosexual and LGBT older adults remain sexually active into their 80s (Schick et al., 2010), and, many older adults also have multiple sex partners. Nowadays there is accessibility of erectile dysfunction medication which contributes to the spread of HIV/AIDS among older adults. These medicines are easily accessible and allow older men to remain sexually active, thus increasing HIV transmission. Engaging in sexual activity with a person who is HIV positive is risky, especially since many older adults do not use condoms during sexual intercourse, including older adults who...
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.... Individual who are eligible get a secure decent safe and sanitary housing in the private rental market by subsidizing a portion of the household 's monthly rent. The how rent are co-paid by the HIV infected individual and HOPWA (HOPWA, 2015).
Human immunodeficiency virus is an enveloped retrovirus which damages immune system and interferes with body 's ability to fight the organisms. HIV was once considered a disease associated with young persons, now days it is increasingly recognized as one that impacts people of all ages, including older adults. Change is sexuality, lack of knowledge of HIV transmission, misdiagnosed are some of the risk factors of HIV in older adults. As a social gerontologist we need to prepare for the increasing population of older adults with HIV and change our perception that older adults are not at the risk of having HIV/AIDS.
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