The rise of power in the women of the Ptolemaic dynasty is first seen with the marriage of Arsinoe II to her full brother Ptolemy II. These sibling-rulers began a tradition of monogamous endogamy that would secure succession in the dynasty, and ward consolidate the power of the bloodline. The worship of Ptolemaic queens was not simply a by-product of divine worship of the king, but of an establishment of worship separate from the king himself.
As conquering rulers in the Hellenistic Age, an assimilation of Greco-Macedonian kingship and the ritual practice Egyptian Pharaohs legitimized the rule of the Ptolemies. The incestuous nature of the marriages between the Ptolemies has been directly linked in poetry to the divine marriages of Zeus and Hera (Theoc. XVII, 128-130), as well as Isis and Osiris. J. Andrew Foster discus...
... middle of paper ...
Carney, Elizabeth D. Arsinoe of Egypt and Macedon: A Royal Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.
Foster, Andrew J. "Arsinoe II as Epic Queen: Encomiastic Allusion in Theocritus, Idyll 15." Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974-) 136.1 (2006): 133-48. JSTOR. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.
Homer, Odyssey, 10.221-3
Pomeroy, Sarah B. Women in Hellenistic Egypt: from Alexander to Cleopatra. New York: Schocken Books, 1984. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.
Smith, Bonnie G., ed. "Cleopatra VII." Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History. N.p.: Oxford University Press, 2008. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.
Theocritus, Id VII 128, 130; Id XV;
van Oppen de Ruiter, Branko Fredde. The Religious Identification of Ptolemaic Queens with Aphrodite, Demeter, Hathor and Isis. New York: UMI Dissertations Publishing, 2007. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.
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