Before the Ming dynasty, China had become little more than a portion of the Mongol Empire. Hongwu, formerly Zhu Yuanzhang, became the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty after the successful rebellion that pushed the Mongols out of China (Roberts 119). The Ming Dynasty became known for its effective and organized government system that provided the foundation for the prosperity that would characterize the Ming Dynasty for the next two centuries (Mungello 2). The Prince of Yan, later known as Yongle, became emperor after a rebellion and usurping his nephew, Jianwen, in 1403 (Roberts 120) Yongle quickly cemented his position by restoring prior regiments and asserting his power by dispatching a series of seven two-year sea expeditions between 1405 and 1433 (Roberts 126). Many have speculated that Yongle’s grand expeditions were actually searches for Jianwen, who according to rumor was still alive. However, it is most likely that the ships were sent to gain recognition of Yongle as a ruler (Roberts 126). The great commander of these expeditions was Zheng He, who led the expeditions from China all the way to the African coast (Roberts 126).
Zheng He was a Chines...
... middle of paper ...
...e was little more than a memory and legend, providing little resistance to the new European explorers (Levathes 20).
Dardess, John W. Ming China, 1368-1644. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, Inc, 2012.
Levathes, Louise E. When China Ruled the Seas. New York, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
Marks, Robert B. The Origins of the Modern World. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2007.
Mungello, D. E. The Great Encounter of China and the West, 1500-1800. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publsihers, Inc, 1999.
Pagden, Anthony. Peoples and Empires. New York, New York: Modern Library Edition, 2001.
Roberts, J.A.G. A Concise History of China. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Wade, Geoff. "The Zheg He Voyages: A Reassessment." JOurnal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (2005): 37-58.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Chinas Economy China has experienced major economic growth in the past forty years, but how did it develop into the economically powerful country that it is today. China has been through many difficulties and complications to get to the place it is at today. China’s government is called the People’s Republic of China and it operates on a socialist market economy. The culture of China is very diverse, it has fifty-six minority groups and many cultures have their own languages. However, the Chinese culture is trying to transition from traditional Chinese culture to a more modernized version of Chinese culture.... [tags: People's Republic of China, China, Deng Xiaoping]
1263 words (3.6 pages)
- The Han Dynasty was one of China’s first dynasties recorded in history. It lasted from 206 BC up until 220 AD. The first was the western Han which lasted from 206 BC to 25 AD. The eastern Han, which came after the western Han, lasted from 26 AD to until 220 AD. During those times there were a total of 26 emperors who ruled China. The first emperor of the Han dynasty was a peasant rebel leader named Liu Bang. He was known as emperor Gao. He ruled over the Han from 202 until 195 BC. After emperor Gao there was many different rulers of the Han but the longest reigning emperor was emperor Wu, whose real name was Han Wudi.... [tags: Han Dynasty, Emperor of China, Emperor Wu of Han]
971 words (2.8 pages)
- China in Transformation is written by Colin Mackerras published in 1998. This is a printed source. This book focuses on major topics in history and it provides a narrative and critical analysis of different perspectives and interpretations. Gives accurate descriptions of how China developed. It is well organized and gives a visual and detailed events and the names of important people. It is a narrative so it gives real life examples and perspectives. It includes multiple perspectives from actual people who were in Mao’s generation, to historians, to professors and those multiple perspectives gives information a more valuable reliable sense.... [tags: Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China]
1265 words (3.6 pages)
- Throughout the 13th and 21st century, the balance of power has dramatically shifted between nations for worldwide dominance and influence. Both Eastern and Western civilizations unendingly fought to become the world 's beacon and model of living. Through rapid advancement in technology, economic prosperity, major social and political events the rise of power between East and West have altered the balance of power in the world. In the early modern era, the growth of technology would initiate competition between West and East powers.... [tags: Western culture, Western world, Europe]
937 words (2.7 pages)
- China has become well known for its production of silk, made from the cocoons of caterpillars known as silkworms. Often throughout this culture, silk banners would be woven and painted in honor of funerary purposes. Most of archeologist’s knowledge of these banners has been cataloged from the tomb of the marquise of Dai at Mawangdui according to Kleiner’s research. When thinking of China, geographically one might imagine East Asia, but topographically and climatically the region the region varies from plains, rivers, mountains, and fertile farmlands.... [tags: China, Song Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, Han Dynasty]
1240 words (3.5 pages)
- The State of Revolutionary Ideology in Modern-day China Over the course of history, many violent revolutions have brought forth new leaders and new ideas. They came in a great many forms and in response to a variety of circumstances. However, the Communist Revolution in China remains perhaps the greatest recent example. Not only because it took more than two decades to complete, but also because there was an attempt to institutionalize revolution after some initial changes to build state infrastructure.... [tags: Revolution History China Essays]
2356 words (6.7 pages)
- Mao Zedong, the prominent leader of the Cultural Revolution and one of the innovators of the People’s Republic of China, once declared, “Classes struggle, some classes triumph, others are eliminated. Such is history; such is the history of civilization for thousands of years.” By the time the Qing Dynasty met its inevitable downfall in 1919, a new set of radicals started protesting of a new form of government on May Fourth. This movement, known as the May Fourth Movement, facilitated the Marxist and Leninist ideologies which had been circulating from the aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution in Soviet Russia.... [tags: China]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- In the middle of the 19th century, despite a few similarities between the initial responses of China and Japan to the West, they later diverged; which ultimately affected and influenced the modernizing development of both countries. At first, both of the Asian nations rejected the ideas which the West had brought upon them, and therefore went through a time period of self-imposed isolation. However, the demands that were soon set by Western imperialism forced them, though in different ways, to reconsider.... [tags: Comparison, Industrial Revolution]
1311 words (3.7 pages)
- The United States and China have a well-defined interdependent and powerful relationship that has led to collude rudimentary military ties. In recent years, China has demonstrated its remarkable aggressive national power towards disputes with its neighboring countries that threaten and concern many of the U.S’s Asian allies. For example, China has initiated substantial military power to control a substantial territory in the South China Sea, and China’s hostility of its claimed territory has intensified the situation that has implicitly inflicted pressure to the United States and indirectly hazarded U.S economic growth.... [tags: Philippines, Southeast Asia, United States]
814 words (2.3 pages)
- China’s Nuclear Program Introduction China's nuclear weapons program has always been unique among the programs of the five official nuclear weapons states recognized by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. For a variety of economic, political, and cultural reasons, the Chinese program has had a very different trajectory of development, with different objectives, than those of the other major powers' nuclear weapons and missile programs. China's nuclear and ballistic missile programs are and have historically been based on the objective of maintaining a level of nuclear deterrence just great enough to preclude any threats by the nuclear "super" powers.... [tags: Asian Studies Foreign Policy]
5443 words (15.6 pages)