In the mid to late 19th century, the United States began shifting from being a largely agricultural nation to one that was more industrialized. As the nation became more industrial, the population did not need to rely on farming as their business; there were many jobs available in the industrial sector. These jobs were in or around cities, prompting movement from relatively spread out farms to dense urban areas. The population of urban areas increased drastically, and led to growth of cities. Improvement of farming technology assisted in this regard. This allowed for farmers to produce more without the need for as much labor. After the explosive growth of cities, suburbs began to grow, though at a much slower rate. With the invention of cars, it became much easier to live outside of the city and commute to the city, where most jobs still were. After World War II, the growth of suburbs exploded. The government provided benefits for those who wanted to live in the suburbs, like low cost loans. This led ...
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... of other local governments, like counties. To compound on the layers are special districts, which handle specific duties for some region of localities. Many believe that the overlap is a problem, due to inefficiency and duplication, as well as higher taxes. To solve the problem of the hodgepodge, multiple solutions have been presented; some have been successful. Another layer of regional government, city annexation, city-county merging, and a Regional Planning Body are only a few examples. Overall, the best solution to the overlap of local governments is most likely a true regional government that is a layer above cities, municipalities, and possibly even counties. This allows for less overlap and fewer special districts. Hopefully one day local governments in urban areas can work together to establish true regional governments, to better provide for their citizens.
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