Essay on The Rise Of The Roman Empire

Essay on The Rise Of The Roman Empire

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What actually instigated the degeneration of the Roman Empire? Some might argue that Germanic invasions coupled with the “otherworldly” rise of Christianity led to the Empire’s decline. This viewpoint, conversely, seems far too limited in scope. In any case, Ammianus Marcellinus, Salvian, and Theodosius all identify a multitude of factors that dissolved the Roman Empire. Though the destruction of invasions and the social change of new religion certainly played an important role, the fall of the empire was likely the result of countless complications, including decreased productivity in agrarian and manufacturing spheres as a result of soaring rates of inflation and taxation, civil dissension and rebellion, a fundamental change from an offensive conquering empire to an defensive ruling empire, in addition to the Germanic invasions and the newfound invested in Christianity.
The Roman Empire imploded not just due to lofty moral decline of the “slothful commons”, but from an economic decline (Tierney 5). Tax collectors, belonging almost exclusively to the same class in society or the Potentes, became ruthless in their endeavors to collect taxes. If they failed to reach their quotas in levied taxes, they would be forced to pay the remainder out of pocket. This contributed to growing problems in Romanic society; poverty combined with rapid inflation. A string of rulers dealt blow after blow to the value of currency within the domain (Backman 18). The populace became largely impoverished, leading to a gradual negligence towards infrastructure, including indispensable waterways and roads. Furthermore, formerly independent farmers belonging to the coloni (the peasant or serf class) labored instead for other individuals with super...


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...l (Backman 48). Brutal laws against Jewish and Pagan people did not ascend from any practical or logical stipulation, but because the Christian faith began to fuse with the Roman Empire, leading to a waning of toleration. Subsequently, many scholars of the age troubled themselves with aligning their belief in a Christian faith with their “love of classical literature”, a truly daunting task (Backman 51).
Even with such evidence, it is difficult to blame Christianity and the Germanic tribes for the fall of Rome. Indeed, referring to a “fall” at all seems like a magnificent misnomer. If anything, the Roman Empire’s termination should be characterized as a gradual, often subtle, decay resulting from years of internal strife and external contentions. Did Christianity and the Germanic invasions alone crumble the once-great Empire? History claims otherwise.

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