1. What was led to the cause of the Crusades?
It began under the rule of one man, and his name was Pope Urban II. Urban II was around sixty years old before his first launch of the first Crusade in 1095; he was born under French nobility and a former cleric and Cluniac Monk becoming pope in 1088. And it was his vision that delivered a sermon at Clermont (Council of Clermont, France) that would change the course of history. The sermon saw men to take up arms for two reasons, first he saw the need to protect Christendom’s eastern borders in Byzantium whom were in imminent threat of Muslim invasion and secondly to take back the holy land itself, Jerusalem “He broadened his appeal to include an additional target, one guaranteed to stir Frankish hearts. Fusing Ideals of warfare and pilgrimage, he unveiled an expedition that would forge a path to the Jerusalem” (Asbridge, 36) However in spite of Urban’s glorious plan, the people were not yet convinced, as they saw the Muslim people as not an immediate threat. He saw to it to portray Muslims as subhuman savages “Urban described how Turks ‘were slaughtering and capturing many [Greeks], destroying churches and laying waste to the kingdom of god’” (Asbridge, 36) as well as describing that Christian pilgrims to the Holy Land were being exploited by the Muslims with the rich being stripped of their wealth by illegal taxes. As the men of Latin Europe became more enthusiastic of his notion, what brought them above and beyond their doubts were his second ‘crusading’ message that declared for participation on this expedition to the east would grant a person ‘the remission of all their sins’, calling them ‘Soldiers of Christ’. In months, the news spread across to the west igniting a holy war that...
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...he political effects from the Crusades came from the breakdown of power from Feudal Aristocracy, which prevented the ownership of land commanded the availability of controlling people. There is no saying what would have occurred if Pope Urban II didn’t take action against the Muslims, however the fast growth of the Muslim empire could have changed the history of the world by expanding to Western civilization.
1. Walker, P. (n.d.). Saladin (Ayyubid sultan). Retrieved November 15, 2014, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/518809/Saladin
2. "Crusades." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.
3. Phillips, J. (1997). The first crusade: Origins and impact. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press ;.
4. Asbridge, Thomas S. The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land. New York: Ecco, 2010. Print.
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