In 1630, renowned Puritan founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Winthrop arrived in Boston harbor on his ship the Arbella. This ship contained 10,000 gallons of wine and three times as much beer as water.2 This was completely normal for this time period and also correctly reflected the American society for the next several centuries. The popularity of liquor throughout the nation was one that could not be easily curbed. By the 1820s, liquor was easier to come by and more affordable than tea.3 As the popularity of liquor and the number of saloons grew, alcohol seemed to be a force that could not be reckoned with, but in 1826, the beginnings of an organized temperance effort in the U.S. became known. The American Temperance Society was founded, starting with church based groups and slowly spreading ...
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Parsons, Elaine Frantz. "Temperance and Prohibition/Alcohol, Temperance, and Prohibition." Journal of American History 94, no. 3 (2007): 1046-1048. (accessed October 26, 2014).
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