Even in the century before the official replacement of the Roman republic by the empire, Rome expanded immensely as a result of the Punic wars. Rome fought the Punic Wars between 264 and 146 BCE against the nearby trade empire Carthage over the nearby island of Sicily, a cultural crossroads that greatly benefited Rome’s already rich culture. During these years, Rome also gained control of the nearby islands Corsica and Sardina, also surrounding the Italian peninsula and occupying a prime location for trade in the Mediterranean sea. When the Third Punic war ended in 146 BCE, the city of Carthage was burnt, the citizens enslaved, and the land salted to leave it permanently infertile. This demonstrated the new, brutal Roman attitude toward conquered people, who now seen as threatening after the century of fighting required for victory, which cost many Roman lives and much tax money. Additionally, the power vacuum left by Carthage’s trading empire, the remnants of the ancient Phoenician trade empire, allowed Rome to dominate the Mediterranean, gaining control through commerce between Europe, Asia, and Africa, all of the known world of Greco-Roman civilization. Goods flowing into the empire also enriched the culture, a blend of Hellenistic civilization and Etruscan influenc...
... middle of paper ...
...described the destruction as “multiplied with the extent of conquest,” the conquests of land and the people who resided in them, forced into submission by the ruthless Roman legions.
Ultimately, history proves that the Roman mistreatment of the people they encountered and conquered led to the downfall of their civilization. They rose from unprecedented heights as an empire, aided by geography and talented leadership, to becoming the most influential civilization to ever live, but they could not escape their actions toward others. Their cruelty toward their own poor citizens and massive slave population, as well as the many cultures they dealt with, was a recipe for disaster. As Edward Gibbons concluded, “The story of its ruin is simple and obvious...instead of inquiring why the Roman Empire was destroyed, we should rather be surprised it has subsisted so long.”
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Religions can control the rise and fall of nations, and have been the cause of millions of deaths throughout history. After the Roman emperor Constantine persecuted the Roman religion, which worships many gods, for Christianity which worships one god, (Christ) which made the Roman authority seem less powerful. He also divided the entire empire into an eastern and western regions, the eastern side were Christians and the Western continued to practice Roman Catholic religion, eventually the east thrived while the west declined, and fell from Roman power.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Middle Ages]
804 words (2.3 pages)
- Power. Dominance. Strategy. One of the greatest and most predominant empires ever built that controlled and reined over much of the entire continent of Europe is known as the Roman Empire. The Romans were beyond the most tactical and strategic army, and obtained the most authoritative military control throughout ancient history. The Roman Empire was not only a militia of brute force and authority, but their political systems also were amongst the most developed and functional governances. The Romans contained a civic virtue, which was the outline of core values of their Roman culture.... [tags: Power, Dominance, Strategy, Romans, Empire]
1027 words (2.9 pages)
- ... This oppression towards the people caused many citizens to feel like the old civilization was not worth saving (Document 4). Furthermore, corruption and turmoil grew in the political system of Rome. From 235-285 C.E Rome lost eight emperors to assassinations (Document 1). The government’s desire for money became more important than its job to protect its citizens. In Rome wealthy lawbreakers go unpunished, while the poor were forced to undergo their chastisement (Document 6). The state was beginning to lose three virtues it was built on: patriotism, discipline and devotion to duty.... [tags: political, economic, military]
644 words (1.8 pages)
- The era dominated by Roman empire is one the most well-known and influential periods of history, home to famous names from Julius Caesar to Jesus Christ. At its height, Rome’s territory stretched from the Atlantic coastline to the Middle East, reigning over 60 million people, one-fifth of the population of the ancient world. However, the Roman empire’s treatment of their conquered people’s and their own citizens ultimately led to the permanent downfall of Rome. Even in the century before the official replacement of the Roman republic by the empire, Rome expanded immensely as a result of the Punic wars.... [tags: Ancient Rome]
1027 words (2.9 pages)
- The Romans were on one of the greatest people of all. They had power, wealth, and even a half of the world. They built one of the strongest and vast empire that world has ever seen. They came from nothing to something awesome. It started of as a city and ended up being one of the greatest empire of all. This essay is going to focus on the Roman Empire from the rise to the fall and the government, architecture, mythology, Family Structure, and Food of the Romans. As the story goes, Rome was founding in 753 B.C.... [tags: essays research papers]
1095 words (3.1 pages)
- The City-state of Rome became a republic in 509 BC. Rome fought numerous battles to become what it was at its height. It all started with the Punic wars. After they won, there was no stopping them. By the first century BC, Rome controlled most of the known world. (Mahoney, 2001) With Augustus Caesar began the two centuries of the Pax Romana. During this time all of Rome became a collection of states rather than conquered provinces. The only threats that ever came were from the unorganized barbarian tribes who's conquest brought nothing to the Empire.... [tags: Papers]
1394 words (4 pages)
- Past time periods depicts influential events. These events become significant based upon the way in which they change a civilization. The Roman Empire depicted how change controlled the rise, growth, and fall of the civilization. Progressive viewpoints and perspectives determined the factors that were influences of the Roman Empire. Evolution and development of society lead to a variety of events and factors determining the fate of the Roman Empire. Political factors contributed to the rise and growth of the Roman Empire.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire]
1891 words (5.4 pages)
- The Rise and Fall of Rome, affected the world then and now. Rome 's rise in 753-30 B.C is widely mythologized. However evidence suggests that the Latins, Sabines, and Etruscans tribes came together and formed a foundation for the Empire. The Etruscans played a vital role on the cities geography, architecture, government, trade, and agriculture. Excellent schools created by the Etruscans, provided a wonderful education for the wealthy. By the sixth century B.C., most of Rome 's famous institutions, would form the Forum to the Senate.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Rome]
3496 words (10 pages)
- Sallust was a Roman politician for many years, and then after his retirement from public service he became a historian. Sallust wrote several historical texts one of which was the Conspiracy of Catiline. In this text Sallust describes many of the causes of both the rise and fall of Rome. Interestingly some of his causes of the rise of Rome directly mirror some of the causes that led to the fall of Rome. One cause that he stated as both a cause for the rise of Rome, and for its eventual decline was the military.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome]
970 words (2.8 pages)
- Two great empires from Early Civilizations had different ways to go about about expanding and maintaining their Empires. The Tang Dynasty became a great empire the most powerful and influential of its time any place in the world. The Roman Empire is seen as the greatest civilization of the past. (Morley, 2010) Both The Roman Empire and Tang Dynasty had different approaches to expanding and maintaining their Empires. The Romans used the conquered approach and took over places, while the Tang Dynasty recruited others that had surrendered to them.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Empire]
1216 words (3.5 pages)