First, according to Glaucon’s belief, why do most people act reasonable? Glaucon states that “If you look at what people really are, then you will see that they believe to do wrong is desirable and to suffer wrong is undesirable” (Glaucon 78). In detail, we do not want to suffer the wrong, but we bargain with others and make a simple compact (in other words a social contract) to not harm each other. For instance, people can learn the wrong things and it could be part of their culture. Maybe stealing something can be something grateful at first, but then they will start thinking the consequences that will happen.
Next, Glaucon believes that people practice justice in order to stay away from harm that could come to them if they violated the laws of society. Though, it is in our egocentricity to follow the law because we fear the penalties if someone was to get caught unfollowing the law. Glaucon’s point of view is cooperating with the bunch of ethical philosophies such as psychological and ethical egoism, psychological and hedonism, and ethical relativism. Ethical relativism mainly disapproves the ethical tyrann...
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...], practice it constrained by want of power to act unjustly, we might better perceive if we do the following in thought: granting each one of them both, the just and the unjust, license to do as he wishes, let us then follow them closely to observe whither his desire (è epithumia) will lead each. We should then catch the just man in the act of following the same path as the unjust man on account of the advantage that every nature is led by its very nature to pursue as good, being diverted only by force of law toward the esteem of the equal.” (Glaucon, 1).
philosophy.lander.edu. “Philosophy 302: Ethics Plato, "The Ring of Gyges.”GFDL, 9/10/09. Web. Oct 5 2015
Labossiere, Michael. Summary of Plato’s Ring of Gypes. The Journalist 1.3, Dec 29 2009. Web. Oct 5 2015
Sparknotes.com. “The Republic: Book 2.”SparkNotes LLC, All Rights Reserved, 2015. Web. Oct 5 2015
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