First of all, there are few similar articles in both of the two constitutions. For example, they have articles that guarantee people’s rights and value. In case of South Korea, constitution states “Every person has dignity and value as a human and has a right to pursue happiness. Nation has responsibility to assure inviolable basic human rights of individuals” in the part that covers people’s right and duty. In constitution of United States, it says “We the People of the United States , in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice , insure domestic Tranquility ,provide for the common defense , promote the general Welfare , and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”. As above, both constitution declare that nation have to ensure people’s liberty and rights. They also have common in article. In South Korea’s constitution it lists freedom that citizen should possess. The constitution expresses the freedom to get religion, publish, and speech and so on. Same as this, The Bill of Rights in United States law declares “Congress shall make no law respe...
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...ln presented the Emancipation Proclamation. (http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/civil-war-overview/slavery.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/) Even after the emancipation there was segregation toward African Americans. To against the discrimination, Martin Luther King Jr., a black protestant minister led civil rights movements like nonviolent marches and demonstrations with thousands of people. Finally attribute to his effort, civil rights laws that guarantee black people’s right and their freedom were passed. So, these are why the law in the United States has more focus on the race while South Korea has not. Unlike the United States, South Korea is almost homogeneous country. So, there are not many races and ethnic group in South Korea than the United States. This cultural differences made distinction to each country’s law regarding individual rights.
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