Essay about Rights of Internally Displaced Persons in Cote d’Ivoire

Essay about Rights of Internally Displaced Persons in Cote d’Ivoire

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Cote d'Ivoire, also known officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire and the “Ivory Coast”, is a country in West Africa. It has an area of 124,503 sq miles, and borders the countries Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ghana. The country's population is estimated to be 20,617,068 as of 2012. Through production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse during the 1960s and 1970s. However, the Ivory Coast went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, leading to the country's period of political and social turmoil. The official language is French.

“Côte d'Ivoire was taken over by the French in 1886 and became independent on August 7, 1960. From 1960 to 1993, the country was led by Félx Hiouphouët-Boigny. Cote d'Ivoire maintained close political and economic association with its West African neighbors. Since the end of Houphouët-Boigny's rule, Ivory Coast has experienced one coup d’état, in 1999, and a civil war, which broke out in 2002. The rebels were in a war against the government after a rigged election. A political agreement between the government and the rebels brought a return to peace. Ivory Coast is a republic with a strong executive power invested in the President of Ivory Coast.”

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. UNHCR primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. In more than six decades, the agency has helped tens of millions of people restart their lives. Today, a staff of some 7,685 people are helping around the world restore refugees lives. The UN upholds its duty to intervene whenever the human rights violations are taking place...

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...will not have access to proper education and people without proof of nationality will not be able to own land. As peace finally has started to return, some IDP’s have been returning home.

Many IDPs lack basic civil rights due to various reasons. However, there are ways to resolve this issue. A possible solution is to provide proper documentation to IDPs so they can go to school or even own land. If an IDP has lost his/her home and all their possessions, the UNHCR can provide shelter, food and clothing. If an IDP child has lost his/her parent UNHCR or any other NGO agency can help the child by providing a foster home quickly to help so its not all focused all on one child. NGO agencies can provide a emergency protocol before another problem happens so in the future there won't be as much chaos. Any NGO agency can create a fund to support any resolution.

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