Essay on The Revolution Of The French Revolution

Essay on The Revolution Of The French Revolution

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A revolution can be described as a time when the masses, consisting of ordinary
men and women, grow weary of the current political system and begin to take their lives
and destinies into their own hands. Abraham Lincoln once commented about the masses
under a political system that, “Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing
government, they can exercise their revolutionary right to overthrow it.” This applies to
many of the uprisings in history, but it is especially prevalent in the roots of the French
Revolution. The distinct condition of the masses could be seen through the many eyes of
France, and the various conditions posed on the Third Estate were the foundations for the
French Revolution.
Participation in the American Revolution and after King Louis XIV’s and Louis XVI’s
enormous expenses, the country of France fell into much accumulated debt in the late
18th century. The effect left from the debt upon the country could be seen in its people.
Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI, described a large portion of the masses when she
wrote, “Tenderness and earnestness of the poor people, who, in spite of the taxes with
which they are overwhelmed, were transported with joy at seeing us.” The upper class,
therefore, set up large taxes to save get them out of debt. In order to save France from
bankruptcy, Louis XVI called on the Estates General for help. The Estates General was
made up of the First (clergy), Second (nobility), and Third (everyone else) Estate.
However there was a lot of conflict within the Third Estate, because it was made up of
everyone who was not part of the royal family, clergy, or nobility. The Third Estate was
very unsatisfied because although it contained over 80 percent of the population, it still
had th...


... middle of paper ...


...of manufactured goods and some even demanded that the peasants
living in their region purchase their goods only from them. Arthur Young describes the
people as “almost as wild as their country…their own town of Coumbourg one of the
most brutal, filthy places that can be seen; mud houses, no windows, and a pavement so
broken as to impede all passengers.” Thus, the unhappiness of the peasants increased, and
they were prevented from advancing and were forced to stay at their low level.
Eventually the economic crisis created by the government created a Revolution.
The strong belief that there could be no liberty, if legislative and executive powers were
placed into the hands of a single monarch or a body of magistrates proved to be true.
Consequently, the people of France got rid off an absolute monarchy and a dictatorial
rule and entered the stage of the Napoleonic era.

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