One of the first major modifications in the military affair could be seen in the emergence of defensive fortifications. Well-built fortifications specifically designed for territories in warfare gave big opportunities to protect countries from attackers. Trace italienne was one of the most important fortifications, in Italy from 1450 to 1520, which had created massive struggles and difficulties to enemies to conquer a town or a city that eventually resulted in attacker countries having the ability to discover new strategies such as an increase in an army size so as to vanquish the towns or cities. A growth in army size showed much more strength than ever before. This provided the need to demolish any well-built towns or cities which consequently spread worldwide. Dutch prince Frederick Henry’s intention to b...
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...the importance of cavalry. As a result of expanding the drill amongst troops by the transformation from matchlock to the flintlocks there emerged an increased number of the best trained and most-drilled troops who were distinctively better other armies. For example, at the battle of Peterwardein, Eugene overpowered a Turkish army who were twice larger than his own but caused double more casualties for everyhis soldier he had. Therefore, as a result of the technological advancement that widened within and outside of states, centrally governed nation-states emerged with well-equipped weaponry and tactical large army. As technology was seen as a source of the invention of weapons that can play a significant role in contributing the victory in a war, it could be well said that this was the main factor in shaping the revolution in military affairs between 1450 and 1800.
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