The first recurring or common theme in ancient literature is lamentation. Lamentation can be found in some of these early literatures. What is lamentation? According to the dictionary, lamentation is the act of lamenting or expressing grief (Dictionary.com). In the ancient Literature Oedipus the king, lamentation was present a few times in this interesting story. Oedipus the king is written by Sophocles. Sophocles is an ancient Greek tragedian. This story is an example of a tragic hero. The Beginning of this story started with lamentation. The story started with the priest expressing the problems of the people of Thebes to the king, Oedipus. The priest says, “King, you yourself have seen our city reeling like a wreck already; it can scarcely lift its prow out of the depths, out of the bloody surf. A blight is on the fruitful plants of the earth. A blight is on the cattle in the fields, a blight is on our women that no children are born to them; a God that carries fire, a deadly pestilence, is on our town, strikes us and spears us not, and the house of Cadmus is emptied of its people while black death grows rich in groaning and in lamentation.”(Oedipus the King, part 1, lines 22-33) This quote shows the priest telling Oedipus that the city of Thebes is falling apart, the city is having a difficult time producing useful plants and cattle. Also, the women living in the city could not give birth to children. This quote expressed lamentation by showing how the people of Thebes are suffering and grieving...
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... to the story, Jocasta said “There was an oracle once that came to Laius,… it was from his servants-- and it told him that it was fate that he should die a victim at the hands of his own son, a son to be born of Laius and me.”(Oedipus the King, part 1, line 813-822). This quote represented a tangible occurrence of predestination. The quote showed that Jocasta told Oedipus about the oracle that came to Laius before he died. The oracle said that Laius will be killed by his own son Oedipus. Oedipus knew that he was going to kill his father and he tried everything he could to prove the oracle wrong. Unfurtunately for Oedipus, he already killed his biological father along time ago without knowing. This showed that the oracle was right. Oedipus, unknowingly killed his real father, became king and married his real mother. Whatever is meant to happen will come to fruition.
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