This Grand Challenge project is on reverse engineering the brain, and how the technology for human brain implants has developed thus far and how it will advance in the future. Reverse engineering the brain is one of fourteen Grand Challenges, which, if solved, will advance humanity. The ultimate goal of this challenge is to be able to fully simulate a human brain and understand how consciousness, thoughts, personality and free will function [Lipsman, Nir, Glannon, 2012]. As a result, computers will be enhanced, artificial intelligence will be unparalleled, and implants will aid damaged brains. Overall, reverse engineering the brain will provide massive advancements that will propel humanity into the next generation of technology.
The purpose of human brain implants is to enhance brain performance for those who have disorders, diseases, or injuries. Unfortunately, many people develop some type of brain disability as a result of age, diseases or injuries. Although there are a number of surgeries used to treat brain dysfunction, they often do not completely solve the problem. Implants seem to be the best solution to help supplement the damaged brain. We will explore how implants operate, the advantages and disadvantages of implants, the future of implants, and the economical and public policy issues of implants will all be addressed.
Searching for numerous articles and books were part of my research methodology. I utilized the Bertrand Library’s resources, such as Web of Knowledge, Engineering Village, and Worldcat to find various books and articles pertaining to reverse-engineering the brain, human brain implants, and the Blue Brain Project. Once I found numerous articles on my subject, I consul...
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...ver, it faces problems that scientists believe can be solved with magnetic fields as the replacement. Transcranial magnetic stimulation is an external magnetic device used to aid patients with depression. Since this form of stimulation works, internal magnetic devices are in development in order for patients’ brains to always be stimulated. “The utility would not be limited to depression” [Muggleton, Neil, Walsh. 2012]. One challenge that needs to be overcome with electromagnetic implants is that it needs to be implanted safely and have a long life span.
Once a coil that can produce a strong electrical field that is the size of an implant is created, the electromagnetic implants can start being created to meet the needs of stimulating symptoms of brain diseases. The electric field generated will be strong enough to “excite neural tissue,” which will treat the brain.
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