Wastewater is simply water than has been used from industries, domestic and ground water run-off. It usually contains various pollutants, depending on what the water was used for. The wastewater is treated to improve and purify the water by either removing some or all of the pollutants. After treatment, the water is fit for reuse and discharge back to the environment. The act of making the wastewater fit for reuse is recycling. Not only does reusing waste water benefit humans economically, it also assists in sustaining the quality of the environment.
Wastewater is water that is considered to be below the standard of suitable quality for the environment by humans. This type of water originates from a mixture of used water from homes, industries, agricultural farms and even storm water. It is made up of various components that range from large objects (papers and plastics) to fine solids from human waste and even tiny organisms such as germs and bacteria. In Trinidad, wastewater is collected at numerous Wastewater Treatment Plants and is treated before being released back into the environment. Treatment of wastewater is necessary because clean water is critical to plants and animals that live in water. Rivers and oceans serve as habitats for different species of fish and other aquatic life. Migratory water birds such as pelicans and ducks use the areas for resting and feeding. Water can carry diseases and since human life depends on water for survival therefore it is necessary to have clean water.
If wastewater is not properly treated, then the environment and organisms can be negatively impacted. The impacts can include harm to fish and wildlife populations, oxygen depletion, restrictions on recreational wa...
... middle of paper ...
...led water is most commonly used for nonpotable (not for drinking) purposes, such as agriculture, landscape, public parks, and golf course irrigation. Other nonpotable applications include cooling water for power plants and oil refineries, industrial process water for such facilities as paper mills and carpet dyers, toilet flushing, dust control, construction activities, concrete mixing, and artificial lakes.
In addition to providing a dependable, locally-controlled water supply, water recycling provides tremendous environmental benefits. By providing an additional source of water, water recycling can help us find ways to decrease the diversion of water from sensitive ecosystems. Other benefits include decreasing wastewater discharges and reducing and preventing pollution. Recycled water can also be used to create or enhance wetlands and riparian habitats.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Reclaimed wastewater or reuse water is defined as an effluent that is derived from any part of the sewage facility that has been sufficiently and reliably treated to meet the water quality suitable for beneficial use without sludge handling or pollutants discharging. The wastewater can be classified in two main categories: domestic waste (residence, commercial, and institutional waste) and industrial waste which contains different types and strengths of contaminants from the domestic one, as these contaminants had been generated during the production process for any industrial facilities.... [tags: Water, Sewage treatment, Water pollution]
762 words (2.2 pages)
- 1.0 INTRODUCTION Recycling water in Canada is an important issue to understand and implement because of its wide ranging benefits in environmental matters. Canadian wastewater can be recycled by water treatments, each of these treatments results in varying water qualities, and these varying water qualities can be reused for industrial, unrestricted access or restricted access uses. Recycling wastewater is a crucial part of sustainable development; however, many communities in Canada are not active participants of this subject.... [tags: Canada, water treatment, environment]
1440 words (4.1 pages)
- In Trinidad and Tobago there are many companies that produce wastewater due to many different reasons. Some such companies that are known to produce wastewater are Carib Brewery Ltd, Coca Cola, Nestle and BP also known as British Petroleum. Some companies have different methods which they use to treat their wastewater to be able to reuse it or release it back into streams as an acceptable standard of quality. After doing my research it has to be noted that not all companies have a standard method or process to deal with their wastewater which they produce.... [tags: Environment, Pollution]
838 words (2.4 pages)
- CHAPTER-3 3.1 Introduction As the given situation describes, eutrophication is a result of the presence of nitrogen and phosphorus in river since no protection methods are carried out to end the release of waste into the water bodies. Such rivers are commonly known as sensitive rivers. These nutrients excite the production of algae providing food for their growth under the accurate circumstances thus causing eutrophication. Eutrophication can harm the ecosystem causing unwanted alteration in aquatic population, extreme reduction of oxygen, health issues to human-beings and animals, expensive water treatment costs and, interfering with recreational signifi... [tags: microorganisms, organic waste]
1314 words (3.8 pages)
- Wastewater, also known as sewage, is a mixture of domestic and industrial wastes. It is 99.97 percent water, and the remainder contains organic matter such as human waste and food scraps, fats, oil and grease, debris, household chemicals, and industrial waste that can pose a threat to the environment and public health (1). As a result, effective treatment of wastewater is crucial to minimize the environmental impacts of wastewater. Wastewater treatment is carried out in several stages, which resulted in the separation of wastewater into sludge and a dissolved fraction of water, organic materials, bacteria and salts (2).... [tags: Water, Sewage treatment, Water pollution, Oxygen]
1249 words (3.6 pages)
- Sewage can be broken down into 99.9% water and 0.1 % solids as the solids 70% of its organic substance (protein, carbohydrate, and fats) and another 30% is inorganic (grits, salts, and metals) and that is a typical municipal wastewater analyses. Based on this, chemical and bacteriological components of the treated/discharged effluent into receiving water body should be monitored to ensure the safety of the public health according to the effluent limitations (NPDES permits). Therefore, a TMDL will identify the amount of an exact or property of a pollutant weather from point, nonpoint, or natural sources that may be discharged to a water body and still ensure that the water body gains water qu... [tags: Sewage treatment, Water pollution, Wastewater]
1056 words (3 pages)
- Soil Biotechnology (SBT) system of wastewater recycling has been developed by Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB). It is a green engineering approach having several national and international credentials. It is based on a bio-conversion process and is practically maintenance free. It does not produce any kind of odorous biosludge and consumes least energy. The present study focuses on the holistic assessment of SBT plant in Mumbai at Virar and Worli considering its technical, socio-economic and environmental aspects.... [tags: Water, Sewage treatment, Wastewater, Sewage]
1240 words (3.5 pages)
- The struggle of industrial discharge in the water supply is real and need to be resolved as best as possible to insure a safe and bright future for all. Many actions can be done by all of the large industries to minimise their pollution effect on the environment. The first step however for recovery is always education on the topic. What can they do to receive the good and accurate knowledge to counter their consequence of waste in freshwater supply. An initiative such as the Clean Water Act in the US is a great example of regulation for the wastewater directly being dumped into the rivers.... [tags: Sewage treatment, Water pollution, Wastewater]
713 words (2 pages)
- Despite the increasing number of studies concerning the presence of pharmaceutical compounds in the environment, gaps about the topic still numerous. The peculiar physical-chemical properties of these chemicals contribute to a more complex behaviour in aquatic environments. The main path for the discharge of these compounds in the environment are wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), notably know in being inefficient in remove these contaminants during conventional treatments. Most approaches to evaluate the concentration of these substances in WWTPs are based in national consumption estimative, which can with reasonable significance predict overall discharges , however are not to be suita... [tags: wastewater, environment, results, issues]
587 words (1.7 pages)
- The treatment of surface wastewater is aimed at bringing contaminated water back to its previous state for domestic use or otherwise. Some of the sources of wastewater include industrial effluents from manufactures, agricultural effluents, agro-industrial as well as domestic wastewater from sinks, bathtubs, toilets, and so on. Particles in the water from the various sources include bacteria, organic matters, and sand which cause the water to be turbid or discoloured in appearance and have an unpleasant odour.... [tags: wastewater, flocculation, alkalinity, flocs]
1053 words (3 pages)