Retribution is the punishment that is deserved because of the act committed by the perpetrator. More subsequently, it is the “infliction of punishment on those who deserve to be punished” (Couture, 2014, p.60). Lex Talionis, Latin for law of retribution, connects to the biblical adage of “an eye for an eye,” which later specifies the offenders get the punishment in which they deserve in exchange for crime they have committed (Sieter, 2014, p. 26).
Sanctions consist of capital punishment, incarceration, intermediate sanctions (intense supervised probation), or standard probation, where each goal of corrections connects with the sanctions. Retribution connects to incarceration, where the offender chose to commit the crime so they should pay their time for committing the crime. Depending on the crime that the offender committed, the type of sanction that would be used for retribution may vary.
Arizona Sheriff Joe Arpuio stated that he, “believes in the retributive goal of corrections and notes strong public support for getting tough on crime and criminals” (Sieter, 2014, p. 26). The above evidence shows that if crime is punished by incarceration and the fear of incarceration is in the criminal offenders mind, then they may not pursue in criminal activity. As Joe Arpuio states “getting tough on crime,” the tougher retributive punishments are, may again deter crime.
Deterrence is the intention to prevent future crimes from taking place, becoming split into two specific types of deterrence, general and specific. General deterrence is “actions that take place to persuade other persons from committing criminal acts” (Couture, 2014, p. 128). While specific deterrence is “punishments aimed at stopping...
... middle of paper ...
...ause it deals with society as a whole. Yes, general deterrence may use certain individuals as an example for society, but if the punishment for that certain individual is strict enough and is able to deter others from society from committing crime it is doing its job. “General deterrence are actions to persuade others from committing criminal acts” (Couture, 2014, p.128). I feel more people are being deterred from crime by general deterrence rather than specific deterrence. Also as sanctions take place, incarceration would be best for general deterrence. Incarceration in jail or prison should deter society from committing crimes by people in society not wanting to be incarcerated. As the law tries to deter society and individuals within away from crime, specific and general deterrence play an important role, while trying to complete the tasks in different ways.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Murder is an undeniably common occurrence in our society; its perpetration can only be prevented or punished. Since biblical times, the law of equivalent exchange has been interpreted as an “eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.” Capital punishment is a form of retribution for the loved ones of a victim and can be construed as a deterrence to homicide. Because all men have an inherent moral code and the ability to control their own fate, capital punishment should be continued in the United States.... [tags: biblical times, moral code, eye for an eye]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- The death penalty has been present, in one way or another, for virtually as long as human civilization has existed. The reasons why are apparent; it is intrinsically logical to human beings that a person who takes the life of another should also be killed. This philosophy is exemplified in the famous Biblical passage, "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth." However, in light of recent research into ethics, criminology and the justice system, the time has come for us to re-examine our ageless paradigm of revenge.... [tags: capital punishment]
1563 words (4.5 pages)
- Capital Punishment: Justice in Retribution The American government operates in the fashion of an indirect democracy. Citizens live under a social contract whereby individuals agree to forfeit certain rights for the good of the whole. Punishments for crimes against the state are carried out via due process, guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment. The use of capital punishment is decided by the state, which is legal in thirty-seven states. It is a moral imperative to protect the states' rights to decide their own position on the use of capital punishment.... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
1471 words (4.2 pages)
- Punishment has been in existence since the early colonial period and has continued throughout history as a method used to deter criminals from committing criminal acts. Philosophers believe that punishment is a necessity in today’s modern society as it is a worldwide response to crime and violence. Friedrich Nietzche’s book “Punishment and Rehabilitation” reiterates that “punishment makes us into who we are; it creates in us a sense of responsibility and the ability to take and release our social obligations” (Blue, Naden, 2001).... [tags: Punishment and Rehabilitation]
2222 words (6.3 pages)
- ... According to Marshall retribution was a form of revenge which is low as it can get in his opinion. To allow the death penalty to him was to allow revenge to occur and not the laws of the land to prevail. Thurgood Marshall wanted justice to be served in reactions to crime, not revenge or allowing the emotions which was in high demand to conquer the court system. This is what he suggests about the theory of retribution. This in itself is also a form of utilitarian because in order to please others they will give the murderer the death penalty.... [tags: morally, retribution, just, ethically]
1573 words (4.5 pages)
- Capital punishment is not a morally acceptable practice because the process has come to represent a form of torture in our modern society and therefore, should not be seen as an acceptable form of punishment for any criminal act. The goal of a punishment is to properly reprimand the criminal so justice is served in regard to the victim. This can be achieved without violating our moral standards through the use of punishments which sufficiently punish the offender while still doing right by the victim.... [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
2197 words (6.3 pages)
- In this paper, I will be arguing that retributivism is impractical to implement as a theory of punishment based on the judgments of desert, proportionality and moral responsibility. In order to do so, I will begin by giving a definition of punishment. Punishment can be defined as “the authorized imposition of deprivations—of freedom or privacy or other goods which the person otherwise has a right, or the imposition of special burdens—because the person has been found guilty of some criminal violation…” (Bedau, “Punishment”, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).... [tags: punishment, judgement, responsibility]
1721 words (4.9 pages)
- Retribution When someone takes a life, the balance of justice is disturbed. Only the taking of the murderer's life restores the balance and allows society to show convincingly that murder is an intolerable crime which will be punished in kind. Retribution has its basis in religious values, which have historically maintained that it is proper to take an "eye for an eye" and a life for a life.... [tags: Papers]
889 words (2.5 pages)
- Pros of Capital Punishment Capital punishment according to Phil .B, (2006), refers to a death penalty by the government of a country to a person who is found guilty of serious crimes like homicide, rape among others. Capital punishment has been a way of punishing people for many years. It has been prevalent in the United States, Asia and Middle Eastern countries. During the past two centuries many reforms on capital punishment have been made and it has been abolished in some states and countries.... [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
1341 words (3.8 pages)
- In the most literal sense, retribution is defined as “the dispensing or receiving of reward or punishment especially in the hereafter,” according to the Merriam Webster Dictionary. In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, the ideas of “give and take” are based on one’s actions. It is a theme that’s located in every aspect of the text, wherein the characters gain or lose power and/or life due to actions taken against them as well as by them. Nothing is inconsequential or coincidence. Things were all planned, though not in the sense of destiny and preordained fate but rather in the combination of man and greed and the fight for power.... [tags: essays research papers]
1058 words (3 pages)