The Independent State of Papua New Guinea, like many of its neighbors, has struggled with issues of governance issues since the country gained independence in 1975. The influx of foreign capital and currency that will result from the exploration of Papua New Guinea’s natural gas resources will certainly affect the country. The new financial resources provide an opportunity to improve infrastructure and create an avenue for the majority of the people of Papua New Guinea to join the formal economy. By looking at the impact of infrastructure improvements and the governance challenges associated with large stores of natural resources in otherwise poor nations and applying them to the specific case of Papua New Guinea, this paper will make proposals for policies that the U.S. government should enact to improve the chances of success in Papua New Guinea.
The country of Papua New Guinea consists of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea (second largest in the world) and an archipelago of adjacent islands. From 1949 until independence in 1975, it was administered as a trusteeship by Australia, its neighbor to the south from whom it is separated only by the narrow Torres Strait. The geography of Papua New Guinea is dominated by tropical jungles and nearly impassable mountains, contributing to the isolation and diversification of the people living there.
Even within the population living on the main island, there is an incredible diversity of customs, traditions, and language. “The diversity, refle...
... middle of paper ...
...rvey 42, no. 6 (November/December, 2002): pp. 906-927. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/as.2002.42.6.906.
Ross, Michael L. "What do we Know about Natural Resources and Civil War?" Journal of Peace Research 41, no. 3 (May, 2004): pp. 337-356. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4149748.
Sachs, Jeffrey D. "Resolving the Debt Crisis of Low-Income Countries." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 2002, no. 1 (2002): pp. 257-286. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1209181.
Wesley-Smith, Terence. "Papua New Guinea in 1991: Problems of Law and Order." Asian Survey 32, no. 2, A Survey of Asia in 1991: Part II (Feb., 1992): pp. 154-161. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2645213.
Whitford, Andrew B. and Karen Wong. "Political and Social Foundations for Environmental Sustainability." Political Research Quarterly 62, no. 1 (Mar., 2009): pp. 190-204. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27759856.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Countries have evolved and transformed in their own pace and ways over time, even more so now with the advance in technology. However powerful, rich or poor a country is, weather they be developed or developing there are certain similar predicaments that persists. One such predicament for the government and the people is unemployment. Papua New Guinea has its own fair share of this problem. Jobs are scarce in Papua New Guinea Kuimbakul (2011) elucidate that of the 50,000 school leavers each year there are only 10,000 new jobs, which means around 40,000 educated young people cannot find paid jobs which then results in other social problems.... [tags: unemployment, marine fisheries]
1168 words (3.3 pages)
- Till today rice, wheat, and corn, do not form the staple food for the vast majority of Papua New Guineans. Their carbohydrate needs are still fulfilled by sweet potato, taro, yams, sago and bananas. Agriculture began in Papua New Guinea (PNG) about 10,000 years ago as shown by archaeological research where starch was found on stone tools excavated in Kuk in western highlands. It suggested that taro was cultivated in Kuk at that time. A number of staple food crops such as banana, sago, taro, greater yam, highland and lowland pitpits etc.... [tags: rice, food crops, new guinea farmers]
1873 words (5.4 pages)
- Approximately 100 miles (160km) north of Australia, situates the second largest island in the south pacific called Papua New Guinea; occupying the eastern half of the rugged tropical island of New Guinea and some 700 offshore islands. With its comparative area size slightly larger than California, Papua New Guinea is about 287,595 miles in total area, of which 281,394 miles is land and 6,201 miles is water and accumulative of 3,201 miles of coastline. The central part of the island is composed of the Highlands, a chain of mountains and river valleys which run the whole length of the island and majority of its land covered in condense tropical rainforest.... [tags: Traditional Medicine, Homesteads]
3265 words (9.3 pages)
- Just to the northeast of the Australian northern coastline, lies a series of islands that construct what is referred to as the “Melanesia sub-region”. The tropical marine water of the Carol Triangle surrounds the Melanesian sub-region, and it extends from the eastern border of the island of New Guinea in the northeast, stretching to the southeast corner to include Fiji, Vanuatu, and the Solomon Islands. Consequently, the Melanesian sub-region features some of the most enduring-undiscovered landscapes of our modern times.... [tags: Geography]
2071 words (5.9 pages)
- For thousands of years, Papua New Guinea’s affluent terrestrial vegetations have provided the habitat and the patronage elements that were essential for the survival of the Papuan people (Map I) (Worldatlas.com, 2012) (Nicholls, 2004). The diversity of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) terrestrial vegetation are portrayed in beach grasses, located along coastal lines, moving inland towards lowland tropical rainforest (LTF), and ending with mountaintops’ alpine forests (Table I) (Nicholls, 2004). PNG’s lowland tropical rainforest dominates large portions of the country’s landscape, and it is considered to be the richest region in biodiversity, timber, and minerals (Swartzendruber, 1993).... [tags: Geography ]
2323 words (6.6 pages)
- ... In Port Moresby, the levels of insufficient income, unemployment, and housing shortages evidence the rise in vulnerable livelihoods, which is contributing to urban poverty. People living in squatter settlements are often at a greater disadvantage as they are faced with inadequate access to basic urban services like water, energy, sewerage network, and sanitation and waste collection. This is compounded by poor health care and education structures and services (Storey 2010, p. 8-10). These urban poverty challenges and declining living conditions are having adverse effects on development planning in Port Moresby, and threatening progress towards a number of national development targets.... [tags: urban planning policies, development]
992 words (2.8 pages)
- Papua New Guinea is one of the few countries that has a high risk of contracting a major illness or disease (Wand, 2015). It is known to have high rates of diseases such as HIV, malaria, diarrheal diseases, respiratory diseases, and tuberculosis. For a population of over 7 million people, it is difficult to receive the right amount of care and service because of lack of fundings and supplies. Due to poor management and limited access to services, the right to live a standard life is also difficult.... [tags: AIDS, Infectious disease, Pacific Ocean]
1073 words (3.1 pages)
- Korowai People There is a diversity of tribes that the human society was once uninformed of its existence. Until the 1970, mankind was unaware of the Korowai society existence. The Korowai also known as Kolufu are from the southwestern part of the western part of New Guinea. The Korowai tribe follows a common language, economic system, and an exceptional lifestyle. They practice ritual cannibalism and have incredible architecture knowledge. In the verge of extinction the Korowai continue to practice their unique culture which makes them different from other societies.... [tags: language, economic,lifestyle, cannibalism]
928 words (2.7 pages)
- Indonesia is a huge archipelagic, which is a group of islands, country in which has a total area of 1,904,569 square kilometers (Fredrick & Worden, 2011). That of which 1,811,569 square kilometers is land and 93,000 square kilometers is water (Fredrick and Worden, 2011). It encompasses 17,508 islands, five of which are considered the main islands, two major archipelagoes, and 60 smaller archipelagoes (Fredrick & Worden, 2011). Much of the larger islands are mountainous, with some of the peaks reaching 3,800 meters above sea level (Fredrick &Worden, 2011).... [tags: archipelagoes, kapuas river, new guinea]
2257 words (6.4 pages)
- There is a diversity of tribes that the human society was once uninformed of its existence. Until the 1970, mankind was unaware of the Korowai society existence. The Korowai also known as Kolufu are from the southwestern part of the western part of New Guinea. The Korowai tribe follows a common language, economic system, and an exceptional lifestyle. They practice rituals and have incredible architectural knowledge. In the verge of extinction the Korowai tribe continues to practice their unique culture and traditional rituals.... [tags: New Guinea, architecture, successful economy]
1232 words (3.5 pages)