Resistance Training : A Historical Approach Essay

Resistance Training : A Historical Approach Essay

Length: 2005 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


Purposeful Resistance Training: A Historical Approach from Antiquity to Machine Age

Various forms of movement are meaningful to humans due to cultural performance and social practices (Struna, 1997). Therefore, it should not be surprising that strength and conditioning has likely been around for over millennia to aid individuals in performing movements with more grace, speed, endurance, or strength. However, the purpose of training, particularly resistance training, has changed over time. This review will examine how the purpose of resistance training, as well as important cultural implantations, has changed from antiquity to the Machine Age.

Why Knowing the History of Resistance Training is Important
A brief history of resistance training is important for kinesiologist to know since the cornerstones of strength development, such as progressive overload and use of external resistance, have been around for over a millennia (Ratamess, 2012) (Verkhoshansky & Siff, 2009) (Todd, 1995).
People of the ancient world recognized that intensive physical labor and lifting weights caused strength gains that simultaneously improved joint mobility and overall conditioning of the body which improved performance in work, war, health, and sport (Ratamess, 2012) (Todd, 1995) (Verkhoshansky & Siff, 2009). However, not all civilizations or time periods performed resistance training experienced improvements. Thus, a brief history of resistance training is beneficial in illustrating how the cornerstone principles of strength training were applied throughout the millennia and why different cultures were resistance training in the first place. One of the problems that have led to an incomplete history of resistance training was that weightlifti...


... middle of paper ...


...Milanovic, 2013) (Todd, 1995).

Figure 4: Stone halters (Cartwright, 2012).
While there are many historical and archaeological references of weight training from Ancient Greece, one of the earliest and most famous is that of Milo of Croton (Stojiljkovic, Ignjatovic, Savic, Markovic, & Milanovic, 2013). Milo was a professional wrestler who lived in the 6th century B.C. (Ratamess, 2012). Lore has it that this feat was the first use of progressive-resistance exercise (Ratamess, 2012) (Todd, 1995). Milo lifted and carried a baby calf daily. As the calf grew older, the calf’s weight increased (Figure 5) (Todd, 1995). It was reported that Milo eventually carried a four-year-old heifer, probably weighing about 900 or more pounds, the length of the Olympic stadium, approximately 200 meters (Stojiljkovic, Ignjatovic, Savic, Markovic, & Milanovic, 2013) (Ratamess, 2012).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Resistance training and the Elderly Essay

- Introduction Many studies have shown that resistance training improves strength and many other aspects in the elderly population. Although the literature covers a wide variety of such theories, this review will focus on major themes, which will emerge repeatedly throughout the literature reviewed. These themes are: high intensity resistance training improves the muscle mass, strength and hypertrophy, muscle hypertrophy was due to the increase in type I and II fibres and muscle mass and strength gains were slightly more or less the same for both men and women but the was an overall increase in strength adaptations (Williams & Stewart, 2009)....   [tags: High Intensity Resistance Training, Strength]

Better Essays
1418 words (4.1 pages)

Essay Effects of Taking Weight Training Supplements

- Effects of Taking Weight Training Supplements Resistance training is hard work and requires a lot of energy and juices out of the human body, which cannot be replenished as fast as desired; however, there is a solution to the soreness and the slow path to gaining muscle mass: Weight-Training/Performance supplements. Athletes across the world take performance supplements every day typically in some form of protein supplement, whether it be whey protein or protein derived from vegetables or soy-based....   [tags: resistance training, muscle growth]

Better Essays
934 words (2.7 pages)

Resistance Training Program Essay

- Director, thank you for the opportunity to provide recommendations for the facility’s new Resistance Training Program. This is sure to be a great addition to our current walking program and will be an opportunity for the residence to progress even further. There is compelling evidence of these type programs being used and their effectiveness with the population of our residence. (Haggis 2013) Adding this aspect to our current offerings may appeal to other residence who may not be participating in the walking program and keep them from being further inactive....   [tags: walking program, yoga fitness program]

Better Essays
1149 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Resistance Training System Of Push / Pull Formatted Split Routine

- To achieve hypertrophy, a six-week resistance training system of push/pull formatted split routine that emphasises progressive overload was employed. Current studies have observed that optimising maximum increase in muscle hypertrophy are achieved by training regimens which produced significant metabolic stress while suggests that maximum gains in muscle hypertrophy are achieved by training regimens at moderate degree of muscle tension while producing significant metabolic stress (Schoenfeld, 2010)....   [tags: Muscular system, Muscle, Strength training]

Better Essays
1676 words (4.8 pages)

The Resistance Of Antibiotic Resistance Essay

- Antibiotic resistance Antibiotics altered the practice of medicine, making once deadly infections treatable. This has saved millions upon millions of lives. However, once treatable bacteria have become resistant the drug class antibiotics which also includes antivirals, antifungals, and antiparasitics. Antibiotic/Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of microbes to resist the effects of drugs. All types of bacteria have the ability to develop resistance to the drugs that have been created to destroy them, causing them to become drug resistant organisms....   [tags: Antibiotic resistance, Bacteria, Penicillin]

Better Essays
1475 words (4.2 pages)

The Historical Forces Behind The Resistance Essay

- In the beginning, slaves resisted slavery at the start of the capture partly because they were free in Africa and they were being taking from their culture and families. The slaves took drastic steps in resistance to slavery all the way up to the time of their freedom. In this essay, I will discuss some forms of slave resistance and analyze the historical forces behind the resistance. In general, the new colonies needed laborers because their own financial status they needed cheap laborers. Therefore, the importation of the first slaves in the New World took place in 1526 in Virginia or South Carolina when the Spanish explorer name Lucas Vasque de Ayllon brought one hundred Africans (Mullane...   [tags: Slavery, History of slavery]

Better Essays
736 words (2.1 pages)

The Importance of Resistance Training Essay

- In addition to cardio and flexibility exercises, resistance training is essential in your older years. It keeps your muscles strong, increases your bone density, and reduces the symptoms of age-related health conditions, such as arthritis and osteoporosis. (See References 1) Resistance bands or cords are ideal to use for your workout; they're lightweight, affordable, portable, and promote your coordination. (See References 2) You can do the exercise while sitting down on a chair to avoid compromising your balance and stability....   [tags: warm up, older years, health conditions]

Better Essays
715 words (2 pages)

Essay on Effectiveness of Adolescent Resistance Training

- Effectiveness of Adolescent Resistance Training Abstract Studies have been conducted to show that there is little evidence to attest resistance training on adolescence stunts growth, lessens bone density, or does harm to adolescence. Within these studies there are facts to coincide with scientific evidence that will show through longitudinal and double blind control groups that strength training has more effectiveness in helping adolescence then it does causing long term defects in these children....   [tags: Health]

Better Essays
1647 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Resistance Training And Aerobic Exercise

- 1. As time increases in both aerobic and resistance exercise, heart rate increases, although to a higher extent in aerobic exercise. In both modes of exercise, systolic blood pressure increases as length of exercise increases. Diastolic blood pressure increases slightly as time increases in both modes. Mean arterial pressure increases slightly during both modes as time increases, although slightly faster during resistance exercise. With an increase in intensity, the cardiac output during aerobic exercise increased....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Cardiac cycle]

Better Essays
1027 words (2.9 pages)

Dynamic Stretching for Resistance Training Essay

- I have been doing resistance training since past four years and it has always been a bodybuilding type training i.e. training for muscle mass. Stretching exercises both before and after resistance training has been an important factor in improving my flexibility and increasing my joints’ range of motion. When you can flex, extend or circumduct your joints through full range of motion without any pain that is called flexibility. Many individuals often overemphasize flexibility training and not focus on improving the strength of the surrounding muscles which can lead to an injury....   [tags: athletics and exercise]

Better Essays
610 words (1.7 pages)