As alluded to above, a quantitative approach was adopted in order to solicit information from respondents in TPT. Justification for the choice of this approach is dealt with below.
3.2 Quantitative Method
According to Lee (1999), qualitative research is well suited for describing, interpreting and explaining. However it is not well suited for examining issues of prevalence, generalizability or calibration. On the other hand, quantitative research can cover the latter issues. The purpose of conducting quantitative research is to be able to generalise from a sample to a population so that inferences can be made about some characteristic, attitude, or behaviour of this population (Creswell, 2009).
In this research project, a quantitative approach was considered an appropriate option as the researcher will be in a position to make a generalisation as well as claims about the Transnet population.
3.3 Research design
According to Leedy and Ormrod (2005), survey research entails gathering information about one or more groups of people – for instance about their characteristics, attitudes, or past experiences – by posing questions and tabulating their responses. The goal of doing that is to learn about the population by surveying a sample that particular population. This approach may be called a descriptive or normative survey.
... middle of paper ...
...entation was done in order to get to a desired conclusion of the study, no matter how ‘noble’ it could possibly be.
• Professional code of ethics – all the work done in the research shall be open to any accredited body to interrogate ethical standards. (Leedy and Ormrod, 2010).
• Permission – permission to conduct the academic study was sought through the TPT Supply chain GM who relayed the request to the Transnet Group legal team. Due processes were conducted and the request was subsequently approved. The conditions of the permission were reduced in writing. The university has a policy regarding conducting academic work. No data collection is permitted before due ethical clearance is issued by the Ethical Committee. Due approval was obtained after submitting proof that the study would be in line with the recommendations of the University Ethical Committee.
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