According to Petrofsky et al. (2010) obesity has become a predisposition to numerous chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. Women tend to have additional factors that promote being overweight such as pregnancy, overall decreased muscle mass, and hormonal factors in comparison to men who have increased muscle mass and lack the hormonal and pregnancy impact that may cause weight gain. In addition to the factors previously mentioned, recent studies have shown that women who are overweight going into a pregnancy tend to remain, or become even more overweight following pregnancy. The authors of the Petrofsky et al. study also look at the changes in posture and the alignment of the skeleton during pregnancy that affect posture both prenatal and postpartum, as well as the concept of self image and the role it plays in weight loss. According to Petrofsky et al.,“the greatest indicator of postpartum weight retention is weight gain during pregnancy” (p. 41). The Petrofsky et al. study investigates the use of a specialized diet and exercise program specifically designed to promote diet compliance and exercise designed to rehabilitate the muscles weakened during pregnancy and regain appropriate balance and posture with special consideration given to promoting positive self image.
Statement of the Problem
The purpose of the Petrofsky et al. (2010) study was to “assess the benefits of an exercise and diet program in restoring posture and balance and fitness in women who have given birth to 1 or more children in the last 18 years” (p. 40). The population included 117 women broken evenly into 3 groups. The first group consisted of 40 women who were labeled in the intervention group, the second gro...
... middle of paper ...
...cted the data. There was no mention by the authors of the Petrofsky et al. study of a need for further study or research from the study (Petrofsky et al., 2010).
Fain, J. A. (1999) Selecting a research design: quantitative vs. qualitative. In P. Walner & S. Filderman (Eds.), Reading, Understanding, and Applying Nursing Research. (p.205). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.
Petrofsky, J., Batt, J., Berk, L. Schweichler, C., Arai, D., Conas, C.,… Bains, G. (2010) The affects of an exercise and diet program on fitness, posture, and self image in women. The Journal of Applied Research, 10, 40-51. Retreived from Cinahl database.
Polit, D.F., and Beck, C.T., Sampling designs in quantitative studies. In M. Zuccarini & J. Morita (Eds.), Essentials of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal and Utilization. (p. 268). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Research Critique Tintu Thomas NRS-433 V Introduction to Nursing Research 09/28/2014 Problem statement In the recent past there have been a lot of concerns growing as regards support worker in healthcare. Most of them have been extending their practice towards tasks that should only be carried out by the registered professional nurses and midwives (Griffiths & Robinson, 2010). The support workers have been engaging in the midwifery and nursing tasks which involve direct clinical practices, posing serious health risks to the patients and themselves, as they are not trained in these fields.... [tags: Health care, Health care provider, Regulation]
1369 words (3.9 pages)
- Research Critique According to Petrofsky et al. (2010) obesity has become a predisposition to numerous chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. Women tend to have additional factors that promote being overweight such as pregnancy, overall decreased muscle mass, and hormonal factors in comparison to men who have increased muscle mass and lack the hormonal and pregnancy impact that may cause weight gain. In addition to the factors previously mentioned, recent studies have shown that women who are overweight going into a pregnancy tend to remain, or become even more overweight following pregnancy.... [tags: Research Analysis ]
2230 words (6.4 pages)
- Quantitative Research Critique Women attempting to become pregnant and those who have already conceived have a multitude of recommendations they are asked to follow provided by health care authorities. The recommendations are suggested in order to provide optimal outcomes for the mother/baby dyad based on current research and evidence. Article Summary Clare Dunney, a research Midwife and Deirdre J Murphy, a professor of obstetrics in Ireland wanted to know what health behaviors pregnant women reported engaging in and identify “at risk” groups of women.... [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Folic acid, Uterus]
1007 words (2.9 pages)
- Article Citation Gilmartin, J. (2003). Day surgery: Patients’ perceptions of a nurse-led preadmission clinic. Journal of Clinical Nursing 13, 243-250. Initial Reaction This research article is from the UK and the writer questions if the findings from this study will have heuristic relevance and applicability to nursing and healthcare in the United States (U.S.). Primary healthcare in the UK is provided through the National Health Service (NHS); this writer has little knowledge as to how it works and its impact on patient care and nursing.... [tags: Advanced Nursing Research]
1821 words (5.2 pages)
- M3 Research Design Critique Report Correlational research and causal-comparative research are two widely used research designs of a variety of types. An example of correlational research would be if the district benchmark scores would predict the success of the STAAR test. An example of causal-comparative research would be how does Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affect students’ STAAR results. Causal-comparative research is used to compare groups and observe the differences based on a variable.... [tags: correlational and causal-comparative research]
1285 words (3.7 pages)
- Quantitative Research Article Critique This paper is an academic critique of an article written by Lautrette, et al. (2007) titled: “A Communication Strategy and Brochure for Relatives of Patients Dying in the ICU” and accurately reflected the content of the article and the research study itself. The abstract explained the article in more detail, while remaining concise. The type of research study, sample size, variables, intervention, measurement method, findings, and conclusion were all mentioned in the abstract.... [tags: Healthcare]
1647 words (4.7 pages)
- Schizophrenia is the most common and complex mental disorder that has an impact on many people worldwide. Not only is the disorder complex but devastating. Schizophrenia starts in the early lives of an individual and can lead to lifelong disability (Moritz, 2010). In this paper schizophrenia will be introduced as well as why this topic and discipline were chosen. There will also be a research study that will not only be critiqued by the research that is given but also how the research was presented as well.... [tags: Research Paper]
2829 words (8.1 pages)
- The development of knowledge requires a number of processes in order to establish credible data to ensure the validity and appropriateness of how it can be used in the future. For the healthcare industry, this has provided the ability to create and form new types of interventions in order to give adequate care across a of number of fields within the system. Research then, has been an essential part in providing definitive data, either by disproving previous beliefs or confirming newly found data and methods.... [tags: Healthcare Nursing]
989 words (2.8 pages)
- Research Critique of New Graduates' Perceptions of Clinical Practice The article involved in this research critique focuses on the "stresses and challenges experienced by graduate nurses in clinical practice during their initial orientation period and examines the relationship of social support to these stresses" (Oermann, 1997). The critiquing of this article will address the purpose of the article, the design of the research, the presentation of the findings in the study and the significance of this research to the nursing profession.... [tags: Papers]
640 words (1.8 pages)
- Abstract The authors (Chiu, Anderson, & Burkhammer, 2005) of the article present all the essential components of the research study. There will be a decrease in temperature in the newborn if having difficulties breastfeeding while having skin-to-skin contact with the mother. That was the inferred hypothesis. The method used to gather the information was a pretest-test-posttest study design and the sample consisted of 48 full-term infants. The key findings showed most infants reached and maintained temperatures between 36.5 and 37.6 degrees Celsius, the thermo neutral range, with only rare exceptions.... [tags: essays research papers]
1457 words (4.2 pages)